NEET: Young People Not in Education, Employment or Training
Published Tuesday, June 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06705
865,000 16-24 year-olds - or 12.0% of all young people aged 16-24 - were NEET in January-March 2016, roughly the same as the previous quarter and down 68,000 from a year before.
By-election results since the 2015 General Election
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7417
This Commons Library Briefing Paper sets out results of the by-elections held since the 2015 election. Currently there have been four by-elections, the latest one was in Tooting where Rosena Allin-Khan (Labour Party) was elected MP on 16 June 2016.
Full details are presented in the associated PDF but an overview of the recent by-election results are shown below.
Corporate tax reform (2010-2016)
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05945
This note discusses the Coalition Government’s approach to corporate tax reform since 2010, focusing on the reductions made to the main rate, the decision to set a single rate of tax, and the reforms made to tax reliefs for capital investment. It goes on to examine the debate over corporate tax avoidance and the international efforts, led by the OECD, to tackle avoidance by multinationals through ‘Base Erosion and Profit Shifting’ (BEPS). It concludes by looking at developments in both these areas following the establishment of the new Conservative Government after the 2015 General Election.
The 0.7% aid target
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03714
The UK Government has met the 0.7% aid target since 2013. Since 2015, the target has been legally binding. The UK Government says that meeting the target is in the national interest. However, in recent months, opponents of the target -- and of foreign aid spending more broadly -- have waged a campaign against it.
Sugar and Public Health
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0530
This POSTnote summarises the health risks associated with eating a diet high in sugar and outlines the policy options that might best enable people to limit their sugar consumption.
Burma: June 2016 update
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7623
Burma has a new government, with Aung San Suu Kyi, who embodies the country's long struggle for democracy and human rights, effectively at its head. Is this the new dawn that so many have been hoping for? It is certainly a time for optimism -- but many huge challenges remain.
Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02802
Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Data on interest rates from the UK, eurozone and the US; a summary of the Bank of England’s and international, quantitative easing policy.
Applying as homeless from an assured shorthold tenancy (England)
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06856
This short Commons Library briefing paper considers the practice of English local authorities requiring assured shorthold tenants, who have been served with a notice of the landlord’s intention to seek possession under section 21 of the Housing Act 1988, to remain in situ until a court order/bailiff’s warrant has been obtained before accepting a statutory duty under the homelessness provisions of Part 7 of the Housing Act 1996 (as amended).
Number of UK by-elections since 1945
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02383
The number of UK parliamentary by-elections by session and by Parliament since 1945
War widows' pensions
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00568
Looks at the background to the change in the rules to allow all people in receipt of a War Widow(er)s' Pension in April 2015 to keep it for life (regardless of remarriage or cohabitation) and at the current campaign to allow pensions to be reinstated for those who had already surrendered them.
Adapting Urban Areas to Flooding
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0529
Most properties, businesses and related infrastructure at risk of flooding are in urban areas, where more than 80% of the UK population live. This note summarises how urban areas can be better managed to adapt to flood risk from rivers, surface water, sewers and ground water.
Charitable status and independent schools
Published Wednesday, June 15, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05222
The Commons Library has published a briefing paper which deals with the charitable status of independent schools and Charity Commission public benefit guidance. This was revised following legal challenges to the original guidance