Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 6333

Investigatory Powers Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Tuesday, June 21, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0032
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of the provisions of the Investigatory Powers Bill ahead of its Lords stages.
NEET: Young People Not in Education, Employment or Training
Published Tuesday, June 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06705
865,000 16-24 year-olds - or 12.0% of all young people aged 16-24 - were NEET in January-March 2016, roughly the same as the previous quarter and down 68,000 from a year before.
By-election results since the 2015 General Election
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7417
This Commons Library Briefing Paper sets out results of the by-elections held since the 2015 election. Currently there have been four by-elections, the latest one was in Tooting where Rosena Allin-Khan (Labour Party) was elected MP on 16 June 2016. Full details are presented in the associated PDF but an overview of the recent by-election results are shown below.
Corporate tax reform (2010-2016)
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05945
This note discusses the Coalition Government’s approach to corporate tax reform since 2010, focusing on the reductions made to the main rate, the decision to set a single rate of tax, and the reforms made to tax reliefs for capital investment. It goes on to examine the debate over corporate tax avoidance and the international efforts, led by the OECD, to tackle avoidance by multinationals through ‘Base Erosion and Profit Shifting’ (BEPS). It concludes by looking at developments in both these areas following the establishment of the new Conservative Government after the 2015 General Election.

Topic: Taxation

The 0.7% aid target
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03714
The UK Government has met the 0.7% aid target since 2013. Since 2015, the target has been legally binding. The UK Government says that meeting the target is in the national interest. However, in recent months, opponents of the target -- and of foreign aid spending more broadly -- have waged a campaign against it.
Sugar and Public Health
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0530
This POSTnote summarises the health risks associated with eating a diet high in sugar and outlines the policy options that might best enable people to limit their sugar consumption.
Burma: June 2016 update
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7623
Burma has a new government, with Aung San Suu Kyi, who embodies the country's long struggle for democracy and human rights, effectively at its head. Is this the new dawn that so many have been hoping for? It is certainly a time for optimism -- but many huge challenges remain.
Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, June 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02802
Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Data on interest rates from the UK, eurozone and the US; a summary of the Bank of England’s and international, quantitative easing policy.
Police Force Area crime statistics (England and Wales)
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7622
This tool allows users to view crime statistics for individual Police Force Areas in England and Wales.
Commons Library analysis: Shining a light on beneficial ownership: what's happening in the UK and elsewhere?
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7616
This Commons Library briefing describes measures being taken in the UK and elsewhere to make ownership of companies, land and real property more transparent.
Inflation: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02792
Inflation: Data on both the CPI and RPI inflation indices.
Applying as homeless from an assured shorthold tenancy (England)
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06856
This short Commons Library briefing paper considers the practice of English local authorities requiring assured shorthold tenants, who have been served with a notice of the landlord’s intention to seek possession under section 21 of the Housing Act 1988, to remain in situ until a court order/bailiff’s warrant has been obtained before accepting a statutory duty under the homelessness provisions of Part 7 of the Housing Act 1996 (as amended).
Regional and National Economic Indicators
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06924
Data summarising the economic situation in the regions and countries of the UK
Number of UK by-elections since 1945
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02383
The number of UK parliamentary by-elections by session and by Parliament since 1945
War widows' pensions
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00568
Looks at the background to the change in the rules to allow all people in receipt of a War Widow(er)s' Pension in April 2015 to keep it for life (regardless of remarriage or cohabitation) and at the current campaign to allow pensions to be reinstated for those who had already surrendered them.
Financial Indicators: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05207
Financial Indicators: Data from FTSE100, as well as oil prices and gold prices.
Adapting Urban Areas to Flooding
Published Friday, June 17, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0529
Most properties, businesses and related infrastructure at risk of flooding are in urban areas, where more than 80% of the UK population live. This note summarises how urban areas can be better managed to adapt to flood risk from rivers, surface water, sewers and ground water.

Topics: Flooding, Planning

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): Key Economic Indicators
Published Thursday, June 16, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02783
UK Gross Domestic Product: Regularly updated data on growth and forecasts.
Inflation: International: Key Economic Indicators
Published Thursday, June 16, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02794
Inflation: International: Harmonised Index of Comsumer Prices data on international inflation rates.
Charitable status and independent schools
Published Wednesday, June 15, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05222
The Commons Library has published a briefing paper which deals with the charitable status of independent schools and Charity Commission public benefit guidance. This was revised following legal challenges to the original guidance

Topics: Charities, Schools

Displaying 1-20 out of 6333

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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