Children and families

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on children and families. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
29.04.2016Children: Grandparents and others who require leave of the court to apply for access
This House of Commons library briefing paper explains the processes by which grandparents and others can agree access or residency with a child following, for example, parental separation.
22.02.2016Women around the world: International Women's Day 2016
This briefing gives an introduction to International Women's Day, celebrated on the 8th of March. It examines a variety of indicators for women's equality both in the UK and internationally.
18.02.2016Welfare Reform and Work Bill 2015-16: Lords amendments
The Welfare Reform and Work Bill 2015-16 had its Third Reading in the House of Lords on 9 February, and the Commons is due to consider Lords amendments on 23 February.
20.01.2016Childcare Bill 2015-16: Analysis for Commons Report Stage (Bill 107)
The paper analyses the Childcare Bill ahead of Report Stage in the House of Commons. The Bill proposes an additional 15 hours of free childcare for a qualifying child of working parents (for three and four year olds) and will place a duty on local authorities to publish information about childcare and related matters. The Bill relates to England only.
26.10.2015Welfare Reform and Work Bill 2015-16 Committee Stage Report
This Commons Library Briefing Paper summarises debate and amendments to the Bill during its committee stage in the House of Commons.
25.09.2015The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse and background
This briefing concerns the establishment of the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, a statutory Inquiry chaired by Justice Lowell Goddard, which formally opened in July 2015. The Chair has stated she hopes to conclude the Inquiry's work before end-2020. This Inquiry replaced the previous, non-statutory, Inquiry set up in July 2014 which saw both of its Chairs resign.
18.09.2015Confidentiality and openness in the family courts: current rules and history of their reform
This briefing paper considers transparency in the family courts, including communication of information and media attendance, and background on recent changes in this area.
16.07.2015Welfare Reform and Work Bill [Bill 51 of 2015-16]
This House of Commons Briefing Paper provides background to the Welfare Reform and Work Bill's provisions; summarises the key measures; and includes relevant comment. The Bill is scheduled to receive its Second Reading on 20 July 2015.
15.07.2015Sure Start (England)
The development and impact of the Sure Start early years programme since 1998, from the initial targeted, local partnership-run programmes through to universal local authority-run children's centres.
19.05.2015Key Issues for the 2015 Parliament
This book examines the key issues facing the House of Commons over the course of the 2015 Parliament - from the public finances to the UK's membership of the EU and from school places for children to climate change.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
30.10.2015Impact of Pornography on Society
This Library Note has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on 5 November 2015 on the impact of pornography on society. This Note provides information on the definition of pornography and the current law on pornography. It also gives reference to recent evidence and a selection of key issues that have been raised in relation to the impact of pornography on both children and adults.
10.06.2015Childcare Bill [HL] (HL Bill 9 of 2015-16)
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Childcare Bill on 16 June 2015.
03.12.2014Childcare Payments Bill (HL Bill 56 of 2014-15)
This note provides an overview of the Childcare Payments Bill, and its passage through the House of Commons earlier this year, ahead of its second reading in the House of Lords on 9 December 2014.
10.11.2014Impact of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child on Children's and Young People's Online and Digital Interactions
On 20 November 2014, the House of Lords is scheduled to debate the following motion: 'that this House takes note of the impact of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child on children's and young people's online and digital interactions'
15.08.2014The Impact of Personal Indebtedness in United Kingdom Households, Especially on Children
This Library Note was prepared for a debate in the House of Lords on the impact of personal indebtedness in UK households, especially on children, which was scheduled to take place on 17 July 2014, but was postponed to a future date.
28.06.2013Children and Families Bill (HL Bill 32 of 2013-14)
This Library Note provides information on the Children and Families Bill, which is due for second reading in the House of Lords on 2 July 2013. The Bill covers several areas, including: adoption and children in care; the family justice system; children and young people with special educational needs; the Office of the Children's Commissioner for England; rights to leave and pay for parents; the right to request flexible working; and early years education and child care.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
04.05.2016Barriers to Healthy Food
This briefing reviews current diets and barriers to healthy food including price, marketing, skills and location. It then outlines current initiatives to improve diets.
30.03.2015Measuring Living Standards
This POSTnote outlines different approaches to setting and measuring thresholds and their strengths and limitations. It also summarises research on recent trends in living standards and the key factors that influence them.
14.10.2014Preventing Mitochondrial Disease
This note describes new treatments designed to prevent mothers with mitochondrial disease passing their condition on to their children and looks at the issues raised by their potential use in IVF.
23.07.2014Childhood Allergy
A briefing which describes the prevalence of allergic disorders in children and the factors which contribute to the development of allergies in infancy and early childhood. It also summarises new developments in research and treatment and gives an overview of current health policy on allergy services.
18.12.2013Special Educational Needs
This POSTnote summarises the nature and diversity of special eduational needs (SEN) and discusses the support and outcomes for affected children and their families.
16.07.2012Preventing Diabetes
This POSTnote describes the causes of diabetes and the known risk factors, and examines policy options for diabetes prevention.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
02.12.2011Memorandum to the Education Select Committee on Post-legislative assessments of the Education and Inspections...
Education Select Committee report [Commons]
26.01.2011Sure start children's centres.
Government response. Education Select Committee report [Commons]
03.11.2010Cafcass's response to increased demand for its services.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
15.03.2010Sure Start children's centres.
Children Schools and Families Select Committee report [Commons]
03.03.2010The Review of Elective Home Education.
Government response. Children Schools and Families Select Committee; Department for Children, Schools and Families report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
16.01.2012PREVENTING BABIES' DEATHS: WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE REPORT
That this House congratulates Sands, the stillbirth and neonatal death charity, on the publication of its new report, Preventing Babies' Deaths: what needs to be done; notes that 17 ...
12.12.2011FUTURE OF THE CHILDREN'S CARDIAC UNIT AT LEEDS INFIRMARY
That this House considers Sir Neil McKay's review of children's cardiac services has unreasonably weighted the odds against retaining the excellent children's cardiac centre at Leeds ...
08.12.2011CHILDREN'S ACCESS TO DISABILITY LIVING ALLOWANCE
That this House notes that the parents of ill children often need to live in hospital wards with their children; further notes that living expenses such as meals are not paid for by ...
05.12.2011ACHIEVEMENT OF CHILDREN FROM ETHNIC MINORITY BACKGROUNDS
That this House welcomes the joint venture between Wolverhampton University and Walsall Schools to promote the best educational practice that supports the attainment of children from ...
30.11.2011SAVING LIVES CAMPAIGN
That this House welcomes the Saving Lives Campaign ... Drive Safely Because i-Count launched by the charity Kids Count and other associated bodies; notes that the campaign draws attention ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses