Immigration

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on immigration. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
26.05.2016Asylum Statistics
This Commons Library briefing paper analyses asylum statistics and trends in the UK and other EU countries. Statistics on asylums seekers and refugees in the UK are published by the Home Office and contain data on the number of people applying for asylum and the outcomes of asylum applications. Statistics on asylum seekers and refugees in European Union countries are published in the Home Office bulletin and by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
26.05.2016Migration Statistics
This Commons Library briefing paper is a guide to understanding UK migration statistics, explaining the concepts and methods used in measuring migration and setting out a range of data on migration in the UK and in European Union countries.
13.05.2016Calls to change overseas domestic worker visa conditions
An independent review of the conditions attached to domestic worker visas recommended reinstating the right to change employer and apply for further leave to remain (but not permanent settlement) for all migrant domestic workers in the UK. The Government disagrees with the recommendation. It has introduced more limited rights for domestic workers to change employer and extend their stay in the UK, which are more focused towards victims of trafficking or slavery.
04.05.2016Immigration Bill 2015-16: Lords amendments and ping-pong stages
The Immigration Bill 2015-16 is currently in ping-pong stage. This Commons Library briefing paper gives an overview of the latest developments with the Bill.
29.03.2016EEA migrants: access to social housing (England)
Part 1 of this House of Commons Library briefing paper gives a broad overview of the law governing the rights of European Economic Area (EEA) migrants to access social housing in England. Part 2 considers whether there is any evidence to suggest that EEA migrants are able to 'jump the queue' to access social housing more quickly than other applicants.
04.03.2016The 35,000 salary requirement to settle in the UK
From 6 April 2016, some skilled non-EEA workers with Tier 2 visas will only be eligible to stay in the UK permanently if they are earning at least 35,000. A related e-petition has been uploaded to Parliament's e-petition website calling for the 35k threshold to be scrapped. Parliament will be debating this petition on Monday 7 March 2016.
12.02.2016EU referendum: impact of an EU exit in key UK policy areas
This paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers how it might change if the UK left the EU: would UK citizens benefit? This would depend on how the Government filled any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
12.02.2016Statistics on Migrants and Benefits
Data on migrants and benefits is incomplete and fragmented, not routinely available from a single source. This is because the nationality of benefit claimants is not routinely gathered by either DWP or HMRC when administering benefits or tax credits. This paper brings together the main available data sources - including DWP data on National Insurance Number registrations, departmental ad-hoc releases and responses to Freedom of Information requests - to analyse rates of benefit and tax credits receipt among migrants living in the UK.
12.02.2016Right to Rent: private landlords' duty to carry out immigration status checks
The Immigration Act 2014 requires private sector landlords to check their tenants Right to Rent, which is to say, to ensure that they are not disqualified from privately renting property in the UK as a result of their immigration status. The Immigration Bill 2015-16 looks to build on this requirement with new eviction powers and criminal penalties for non-compliance.
07.01.2016Polygamy
This note deals with the recognition of polygamous marriages; immigration issues; social security benefits and pension entitlement.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
08.01.2016Identity Cards in the UK
This Lords Library briefing provides background information ahead of the debate in the House of Lords scheduled for 14 January 2016 on the "potential use of identity documentation in dealing with the challenges of assuring the identity of individuals". It does this through a short chronology of the history of ID cards in the UK over the last century. It then provides more information about two key pieces of legislation: the Identity Cards Act 2006 and the Identity Documentation Act 2010.
16.12.2015Immigration Bill 2015-16: Briefing for Lords Stages
This briefing provides information in support of the House of Lords consideration of the Immigration Bill.
17.11.2014The Azure Card
This Library Note provides background reading for Members in advance of the debate to be held on 20 November 2014: 'that this House takes note of the Azure card'.
13.11.2014Modern Slavery Bill (HL Bill 51 of 2014-15)
This Library Note provides information on the Modern Slavery Bill, which is due for second reading in the House of Lords on 17 November 2014.
06.02.2014Immigration Bill (HL Bill 84 of 2013-14)
This Library Note provides information on the Immigration Bill, which is due for second reading in the House of Lords on 10 February 2014.
23.01.2012Question for Short Debate on 2 February: Human Trafficking
This Lords Library Note provides definitions of human trafficking, statistics on its incidence, and an outline of domestic and international policy to combat the problem.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
30.09.2015Forensic Language Analysis
This note examines forensic language analysis, the scientific validity of procedures and their applications, and explores the issues surrounding their use.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
20.12.2011The work of the UK Border Agency (April-July 2011).
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
20.10.2011Government response to the Scottish Affairs Select Committee fifth report:
Government response. Scottish Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
19.07.2011Student immigration system in Scotland.
Scottish Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
10.05.2011The work of the UK Border Agency.
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee; Home Office report [Commons]
08.03.2011Draft Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc) Act 2004 (Remedial) Order 2010.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
15.11.2011RESOURCING OF UK BORDER AGENCY
That this House believes that the UK Border Agency is suffering from a damaging cuts programme resulting in chronic under-resourcing; notes with concern staff reports that the Agency ...
11.07.2011UK BORDER AGENCY AND THE DATA PROTECTION ACT 1998
That this House notes that the Order that amended the Data Protection Act 1998 which came into force on 17 December 2002 removed the Act's restrictions on the disclosures of sensitive ...
11.07.2011UK BORDER AGENCY INTERNATIONAL GROUP
That this House regrets that although the Government advocates transparency, officials in the UK Border Agency International Group are refusing to place in the Library telephone/fax ...
06.07.2011IMMIGRATION AT STANSTED AIRPORT
That this House notes that immigration and special branch officers are deeply concerned about potential abuse of the Common Travel Area Channel at Stansted Airport, where travellers ...
04.07.2011TRANSITIONAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR EU MIGRANT WORKERS
That this House notes recent figures showing that nearly 90 per cent. of the 400,000 jobs created since May 2010 have been taken by foreign workers; further notes that the transitional ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses