Legislative process

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on the legislative process. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

03.06.2016Carry-over of public bills
The carry-over of public bills from one session to the next was suggested by the Modernisation Committee as a way of reducing the fluctuations in legislative activity caused by Parliamentary sessions. After briefly summarising the Modernisation Committee's views, this House of Commons Library briefing paper describes the different approaches to allowing bills to be carried forward in this way in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The note also reports the use of carry-over motions and provides examples of the form of words used in carry-over motions.
17.05.2016Successful Private Members' Bills:1983-84 to present
Private Members' bills gaining Royal Assent since 1983
16.05.2016Ballot Bills in the House of Commons since 1997
Results of the Commons Private Members' Bills Ballot since 1997
18.04.2016House of Commons Budget debates and Finance bills since 1968
A list of Budget debates and Finance bills since 1968 showing Chancellors and length of speech
11.04.2016Private Members' Bills
This Commons Library briefing paper provides background information for the Westminster Hall debate on the procedure for debating and voting on private Members' bills, which is scheduled to take place in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 13 April 2016.
08.04.2016EU Referendum: the process of leaving the EU
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at some of the issues that are likely to arise for the UK during a withdrawal process and afterwards. A UK vote to leave the EU on 23 June 2016 would trigger an untested procedure for withdrawal. There could be a complex and difficult negotiation lasting two years or more, or the UK could leave without settling its exit terms or its future relationship with the EU.
22.12.2015Local Authority Byelaws
This note describes the general procedures under which local authorities may make byelaws, and lists some of the byelaw-making powers currently available.
22.12.2015Acts and Statutory Instruments: the volume of UK legislation 1950 to 2015
This paper shows the volume of both primary and secondary legislation in the UK from 1950 to the present day.
04.12.2015Expedited legislation: Government Bills receiving their Second and Third Reading on the same day in the House of Commons
A list of Government Bills since 1979 whose main Commons stages have been passed within one day
16.11.2015Summary of public bills: 1997 - present
Summary of public bills introduced and gaining Royal Assent since 1997

Lords Library Notes

05.01.2016Delegated Legislation in the House of Lords since 1997
This Lords Library briefing provides an overview of delegated legislation in the House of Lords since 1997.
30.09.2015Select Committees in the House of Lords
This Note considers committees in the House of Lords which deal with public matters.
10.03.2014Second Chambers
This Library Note looks at bicameral legislatures in other parts of the world and provides an overview of some of the features of other second chambers, and how these compare to the current House of Lords.
10.05.2013Volume of Legislation
This House of Lords Library Note looks at the volume of Acts of Parliament since 1930 from the perspective of the House of Lords, as well as at the volume of Statutory Instruments since 1961.
10.04.2012Delegated Legislation in the House of Lords since 2000
This Library Note provides information on the powers, conventions and practice of the House of Lords in dealing with delegated legislation.
11.02.2011Wash-up 2010
This Library Note describes the wash-up process; reviews the proceedings on wash-up in 2010; and provides details of bills that received Royal Assent in each of the last six wash-up periods.

Select Committee Reports

24.10.2011Orders laid under clauses 7(2) and 9 of the Localism Bill.
Procedure Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
02.02.2011Constitution Select Committee (HL) tenth report on Money Bills and Commons Financial Privilege.
Constitution Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
27.07.2010Law Commission Bills.
Procedure Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
24.02.2010Explanatory statements on amendments to bills.
Procedure Select Committee report [Commons]
09.12.2009Scrutinising statutory instruments: departmental returns, 2008.
Government response. Leader of the House of Commons; Statutory Instruments Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]

Early Day Motions

24.11.2011POLICE (S.I., 2011, No. 2744)
That an humble Address be presented to Her Majesty, praying that thePolicing Protocol Order 2011 (S.I., 2011, No. 2744), dated 15 November 2011, a copy of which was laid before this ...
21.03.2011LIBEL REFORM
That this House welcomes the publication of the draft Defamation Bill as an essential step towards the necessary and urgent reform of the UK's outdated and unbalanced libel laws; notes ...
That this House notes the recommendations of the Tenth Report of the House of Lords Merits of Statutory Instruments Committee, published on 5 November, in respect of the draft Justification ...
That this House notes the findings of the European Commission for Democracy through Law, also known as the Venice Commission, regarding the Slovak Republic 2009 State Language Act, ...
That this House welcomes the introduction by the hon. Member for Selby and Ainsty of the Protection of Local Services (Planning) Bill, via the Private Members' Ballot, with cross-party ...


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses