Crime

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on crime. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
06.06.2016Contracting out of probation services: 2013-2016
This briefing paper charts the implementation controversial reforms to the probation service. Most offenders are now supervised by Community Rehabilitation Companies, which are mostly privately led. A new public sector National Probation Service manages high risk offenders. So what's the verdict so far?
02.06.2016Investigatory Powers Bill: Committee Stage Report
The Investigatory Powers Bill was introduced on 1 March 2016 and received its second reading on 15 March.There were sixteen sittings of the Public Bill Committee, including two evidence sessions. The Bill is due to have its report stage on 6 June 2016.
26.05.2016A new victims' law in England and Wales?
There have been many calls for reform of the law on victims' rights in England and Wales. This Briefing Paper looks at how the Victims' Code has developed; funding and commissioning of services; and proposals for new legislation from the main parties and others.
23.05.2016Registration and management of sex offenders
This note provides an overview of the various measures in Part 2 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 aimed at enabling the police to monitor and manage sex offenders living in the local area. It considers the requirement for certain sex offenders to notify the police of personal information such as their name and address, and to update the police whenever this information changes. The police record of these notifications is commonly referred to as the "sex offenders' register". It also considers a range of civil orders that can be used to manage the behaviour of sex offenders.
18.05.2016A British Bill of Rights?
The Conservative Party went into the 2015 General Election with a manifesto commitment to 'scrap the Human Rights Act and curtail the role of the European Court of Human Rights.' This note provides a brief introduction to the Human Rights Act 1998; the European Convention on Human Rights and the work of the European Court of Human Rights.
02.03.2016Commons Library analysis: Policing and Crime Bill 2015-16
The Policing and Crime Bill 2015-16 has its second reading on 7 March 2016. It includes provisions covering collaboration between police and fire services; reforms to the police complaints and discipline systems; new safeguards for pre-charge bail; powers for police staff and volunteers; and changes to firearms law. This briefing analyses the Bill and the policy background, and provides some relevant comment.
19.02.2016Gangs: a select bibliography
This note provides a bibliography of recent research on gangs and youth crime.
09.02.2016Criminal Injuries Compensation: The "same roof" rule
Some victims of abuse which took place before 1 October 1979 cannot get awards from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme because they lived in the same house as their attacker. This Briefing Paper explains the background, It covers England, Scotland and Wales.
09.02.2016Knives and offensive weapons
This briefing provides information on the two main categories of offence relating to knives and offensive weapons in England and Wales: offences relating to possession and offences relating to sale and supply. This briefing sets out the various offences and sentences which are contained in a number of pieces of legislation. It also describes police guidance on cautioning and charging and government policy on knife crime.
15.01.2016The Psychoactive Substances Bill 2015-16: Report on Committee Stage
This briefing paper is produced prior to the Report Stage of the Psychoactive Substances Bill 2015-16.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
13.11.2014Modern Slavery Bill (HL Bill 51 of 2014-15)
This Library Note provides information on the Modern Slavery Bill, which is due for second reading in the House of Lords on 17 November 2014.
03.07.2014Deregulation Bill (HL Bill 33 of 2014-15)
The Deregulation Bill is a wide-ranging bill that is intended to remove or reduce regulatory burdens on businesses, civil society, individuals, public sector bodies and the taxpayer across a number of policy areas including: general and specific areas of business, companies and insolvency, the use of land, housing, transport, communications, the environment, education and training, entertainment, public authorities and the administration of justice.
25.06.2014Criminal Justice and Courts Bill (HL Bill 30 of 2014-15)
The Criminal Justice and Courts Bill contains a range of proposals across four areas: criminal justice; young offenders; courts and tribunals; and judicial review. This Library Note summarises the key debates that took place on the Bill at report stage and third reading in the House of Commons, highlighting amendments made to the Bill, and refers to some of the other issues raised by MPs.
25.11.2013Debate on 28 November: Policing
This Library Note provides background reading for the debate to be held on Thursday, 28 November 2013 to 'take note of public trust in the police and its role in effective policing, and the system for investigating complaints into police conduct'.
25.10.2013Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Bill (HL Bill 52 of 2013-14)
Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Bill (HL Bill 52 of 2013-14)
14.10.2013Debate on 17 October: Drugs Policy
This Library Note provides background reading for the debate to be held on 17 October on drugs policy.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
25.05.2016Addressing Islamic Extremism
In the UK, groups that hold extreme views have included nationalists, the far right, and more recently Islamic extremists. Government policy has mainly focused on the latter although the Counter-Extremism and Safeguarding Bill, announced in the Queen's Speech and due to be introduced this year, covers most types. This POSTnote looks at Islamic extremism, radicalisation and deradicalisation, and the policy responses to violent and non-violent extremism.
17.05.2016Education in Youth Custody
Recent government policy emphasises putting education at the heart of youth custody. A review of the youth justice system is due to be published in summer 2016. This POSTnote looks at the literature on the provision and quality of education in youth custody in England and Wales. And it examines the challenges in providing education to a population with particular needs.
09.03.2016Digital Forensics and Crime
Digital forensic science is the process of obtaining, analysing and using digital evidence in investigations or criminal proceedings. Digital evidence ranges from images of child sexual exploitation to the location of a mobile phone. This note looks at the use of digital forensics by UK law enforcement agencies. It covers how evidence is obtained, the legislation and regulation in this area, and the efforts being made to address the challenges faced by practitioners.
16.12.2015Policing Domestic Abuse
Domestic abuse refers to a range of behaviours - psychological, physical, sexual, financial and emotional - that are directed towards partners, ex-partners or family members. This POSTnote examines the prevalence and nature of domestic abuse and the policing response. It examines how the policing response could be informed by research about the effectiveness of current and alternative approaches, and the possible benefits for victims, their families and offenders.
22.10.2015Unintentional Bias in Court
When asked to interpret information and draw conclusions, people are prone to a number of well understood, unintentional errors in reasoning called cognitive biases. This POSTnote examines how cognitive biases affect reasoning and decision-making, and outlines strategies to minimise their influence in court.
30.09.2015Forensic Language Analysis
This note examines forensic language analysis, the scientific validity of procedures and their applications, and explores the issues surrounding their use.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
31.10.2011Government response to the seventh report of the Science and Technology Select Committee on the Forensic...
Government response. Science and Technology Select Committee report [Commons]
05.07.2011Draft sentencing guidelines: drugs and burglary.
Justice Select Committee report [Commons]
22.06.2011Forensic Science Service.
Science and Technology Select Committee report [Commons]
08.03.2011The National DNA Database.
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee; Home Office report [Commons]
18.01.2011Money laundering: data protection for suspicious activity reports.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
11.01.2012DISTRACTION BURGLARIES
That this House notes the rise of so-called distraction burglaries on vulnerable elderly people; expresses condemnation on those who would carry out these attacks; calls on the police ...
02.11.2011THEFT OF METALS FROM WAR MEMORIALS AND PLACES OF WORSHIP
That this House notes with concern the recent spate of reports of metal thefts from war memorials and places of worship; denounces recent thefts such as the four foot bronze statue ...
15.09.2011MOBILE TELEPHONE THEFTS
That this House notes that customers are liable for the cost of telephone calls incurred on their mobile telephones after they are stolen and before the theft is noticed and reported; ...
05.09.2011SCRAP METAL THEFT
That this House notes with concern the increasing prevalence of scrap metal theft; denounces the recent desecration of the Civilian War Memorial in Portsmouth's Kingston Cemetery and ...
14.07.2011DRIVING WHEN TIRED
That this House notes that driving after little sleep, or failing to take regular breaks duringlong drives, is lethal, with one in five fatal crashes on motorways and other monotonous ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses