House of Commons Library

Employment by Country of Birth and Nationality

Published Thursday, May 19, 2016

This Commons Library briefing paper analyses data on employment in the UK by country of birth and nationality. The briefing compares data from 1997 to 2016 and helps understand how figures for employment by nationality can differ to those for employment by country of birth.

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The number of people in employment who were born outside the UK increased over the past year by 330,000 to 5.24 million in Q1 2016.

At Q1 2016 26.2 million or 83.3% of all people working in the UK were born in the UK. Since 1997 the percentage of people working in the UK, born in other countries, has increased from a total of 7.3% to 16.6% of all people in employment. This is a rise from 1.92 million in Q1 1997 to 5.24 million people in Q1 2016.

In Q1 2016, there were 28.15 million UK nationals aged 16 and over employed in the UK, up 185,000 on a year ago. The number of non-UK nationals working in the UK has increased in the past year by 229,000 to 3.34 million. This compares to 928,000 non-UK nationals working in the UK in Q1 1997.

Commons Briefing papers SN07056

Author: Marianne Oneill

Topic: Employment

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