Average Earnings: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02795
Average Earnings: Regularly updated data on average weekly earnings, including breakdowns by public and private sectors.
Scottish Parliament Elections: 2016
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7599
Elections to the Scottish Parliament took place on 5 May 2016. The Scottish National Party won the largest number of seats (63), but lost the majority they held in the preceding Parliament. The Conservative Party came second with 31 seats, their best performance at any Scottish Parliament elections. Turnout was 55.7%, an increase of 5.3% points from 2011.
VAT : European law on VAT rates
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02683
All Member States have limited discretion in setting VAT rates under EU VAT law. This note discusses the development of European law in this area, and the implications this has for the UK setting its own VAT rates.
National Citizen Service
Published Friday, May 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06364
This Commons Library Briefing Paper gives a brief overview of the National Citizen Service.
London Elections 2016
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7598
Elections for the London Mayor and London Assembly were held on 5 May 2016. The Labour Party candidate Sadiq Khan was elected as Mayor of London with the highest number and share of first preference votes since mayoral elections began in 2000. Labour won 12 of the 25 seats in the London Assembly, the Conservatives 8, the Green Party and UKIP 2 seats each and the Liberal Democrats one seat. Turnout in the mayoral election was 45.2%.
Counter-extremism policy: an overview
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7238
Counter-extremism policy has evolved over the past few years with an increasing focus on addressing non-violent extremism. Recent policy announcements and a forthcoming Bill indicate that the Government remains determined to confront both violent and non-violent forms of extremism in its fight against terrorism.
Higher Education White Paper Success as a Knowledge Economy
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7600
In November 2015 the government published a Green Paper Fulfilling our Potential: Teaching Excellence, Social Mobility and Student Choice which outlined proposals to reshape the HE landscape, raise standards and increase competition in the sector. The White Paper echoes the proposals in the Green Paper and proposes creating: a single route into the HE sector, the Teaching and Excellence Framework, the Office for Students and UK Research and Innovation.
National Assembly for Wales Elections: 2016
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7594
It was the first Assembly election when all three UK-wide parties: Conservative, Labour and Liberal Democrats lost seats. Labour fell short of a majority and won 29 of the 60 seats in the National Assembly. The Conservatives, for the first time, did not increase their seat count loosing 3 seats.
Local Elections 2016
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7596
Local elections were held for 2,782 council seats across 124 district, unitary and metropolitan borough councils in England on 5 May 2016. In the elections the Conservatives had a net loss of 38 seats, Labour a net loss of 15 seats and the Liberal Democrats a net gain of 48 seats. Changes in council control across England were minimal.
Northern Ireland Assembly Elections: 2016
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7575
Elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly on 5 May 2016 resulted in little change in the party composition. Following the elections the two largest parties in the Assembly remain the DUP (38 MLAs) and Sinn Féin (28 MLAs).
Police and Crime Commissioner Elections: 2016
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7595
On Thursday 5 May 2016 the second cycle of elections (2012 being the first) for Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) took place in England and Wales (excluding the Metropolitan Police, City of London and Greater Manchester). The 40 police areas each elected one PCC. The supplementary vote system was used for the elections.
Stalking: criminal offences
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06261
This Commons Library briefing paper gives an overview of two specific stalking offences introduced in England and Wales from November 2012. The offences were created by amendments to the Protection from Harassment Act 1997.
Brexit and the UN Security Council
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7597
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the competing arguments about the possible effects of leaving the EU on the UK's permanent membership of the UN Security Council.
The UK is one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. Would leaving the EU strengthen the UK’s position in the UN, have no direct effect, or result in a loss of legitimacy for the UN?
What if it resulted in Scotland leaving the UK? Views differ; but the difficulty of amending the UN Charter makes any change to the permanent membership of the Security Council unlikely.
Employment by Country of Birth and Nationality
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07056
This Commons Library briefing paper analyses data on employment in the UK by country of birth and nationality. The briefing compares data from 1997 to 2016 and helps understand how figures for employment by nationality can differ to those for employment by country of birth.
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06594
This note examines the current state of infrastructure in the UK, current levels of investment and recent Government policy.
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05000
This briefing paper explains the status of directly-elected mayors in English and Welsh local government, and the routes to establishing them, including the use of local referendums. It also includes an up-to-date list of elected mayors and statistics on previous referendums.