Geographical pattern of UK trade
Published Tuesday, May 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7593
This note looks at the UK's trade with its main trading partners.
ISIS/Daesh: the military response in Iraq and Syria
Published Tuesday, May 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06995
US-led air strikes against ISIS continue in Iraq and Syria, alongside a training programme to build the capacity of Iraqi security forces and local fighters. The UK has been conducting airstrikes against ISIS in Iraq since September 2014 and has been providing training assistance to Iraqi security forces and the Kurdish Peshmerga. Following a vote in Parliament in December 2015 the UK expanded its air campaign into Syria. How is the campaign progressing?
Published Tuesday, May 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN01189
Covers the arrangements made for mineworkers' pensions following privatisation of British Coal in 1994.
Planning Obligations (Section 106 Agreements)
Published Tuesday, May 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7200
This briefing paper looks at recent changes to planning obligations, the appeals process surrounding them and how planning obligations interact with the Community Infrastructure Levy. The brief looks at England only.
Housing fitness in the private rented sector
Published Tuesday, May 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7328
This paper looks at current legislation regulating property standards in the private rented sector, and at current debates over whether there should be a legal minimum maintenance standard for rented homes.
The Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS)
Published Tuesday, May 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN01917
This Commons Library briefing paper gives an overview of the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS). The HHSRS is a risk based assessment tool which is used by environmental health officers to assess the risk (the likelihood and severity) of a hazard in residential housing to the health and safety of occupants or visitors. The paper looks at some of the reviews and reports into the operation of the HHSRS. It also looks briefly at wider housing conditions and standards.
Financial Technology (FinTech)
Published Tuesday, May 24, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0525
Financial Technology (FinTech) describes the application of digital technology to financial services. This POSTnote reviews how and why FinTech is being used, and the benefits and challenges it presents to the UK.
Topics: Companies, Competition, Consumers, Economic policy, Equality, Financial institutions, Financial services, Information technology, Internet and cybercrime, Privacy, Regulation, Research and innovation, Small businesses, Standards
Prison reform legislation 2016-17
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7601
This note sets out what the Government has said so far about its proposals to introduce a Prison and Courts Reform Bill in this session of Parliament.
Royal Charters and Parliamentary Scrutiny
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0027
This Library briefing provides information on royal charters, outlining the Sovereign’s prerogative power to grant them, and briefly describing their function. It also provides an overview of two examples of royal charters—the self-regulation of the press and the BBC—and discusses Parliament’s role in their scrutiny.
Social housing: 'pay to stay' at market rents
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06804
This House of Commons Library briefing paper provides information on the ‘pay to stay’ scheme in England under which social landlords can charge tenants with an income of over £60,000 market or near market rents. The Government has included measures in the Housing and Planning Act 2016, to make higher rents compulsory in due course for council tenants earning over £40,000 in London and £31,000 elsewhere. Housing associations will have discretion over whether or not to implement higher rents for tenants with these income levels.
Review of unduly lenient sentences
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00512
The Attorney General has the power to refer sentences for certain offences which he believes to be unduly lenient to the Court of Appeal. The Attorney General’s power to refer only applies to serious offences, being those that can only be dealt with by the Crown Court and some other offences specified in an order.
Self-employment in the construction industry
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN00196
This note gives some background to the question of employment status and the difficulties it has caused in the construction sector, before discussing initiatives by both the Labour Government in 2009 and the Coalition Government in 2014, and more recent debates as to the possibility of a longer-term solution to this issue.
Registration and management of sex offenders
Published Monday, May 23, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05267
This note provides an overview of the various measures in Part 2 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 aimed at enabling the police to monitor and manage sex offenders living in the local area. It considers the requirement for certain sex offenders to notify the police of personal information such as their name and address, and to update the police whenever this information changes. The police record of these notifications is commonly referred to as the "sex offenders' register". It also considers a range of civil orders that can be used to manage the behaviour of sex offenders.