Public expenditure

All Commons Briefing Papers
85 Documents
DateDescription
29.01.2016Scotland: Public spending and revenue
Public spending and taxation in Scotland was a hotly debated issue in the run up to the Scottish independence referendum, and has remained so since. A range of statistics exist on the subject: this note summarises what these say and how they are measured.
22.01.2016Government borrowing, debt and debt interest: statistics
This is a purely statistical note on public sector borrowing (the budget deficit), public sector debt and government debt interest payments.
22.01.2016Public Finances: Key Economic Indicators
Latest data on net borrowing and net debt.
07.01.2016Public sector employment by parliamentary constituency
This note analyses public sector employment by Parliamentary constituency.
17.12.2015The welfare cap
This policy limits the total amount that Government can spend on certain benefits, including tax credits and housing benefit. Not to be confused with the household benefits cap which limits the amount individual households can receive.
04.12.2015The Barnett formula
This briefing looks at how the Barnett formula works and includes a brief summary of the debate surrounding the formula.
03.12.2015The budget deficit: a short guide
This note aims to answer some FAQs related to the budget deficit.
30.11.2015Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015: a summary
Updated analysis of the Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015.
20.11.2015Background to the 2015 Spending Review and Autumn Statement
Background to the joint 2015 Spending Review and Autumn Statement, which will be presented to Parliament on 25 November 2015.
17.11.2015Government borrowing and debt: international comparisons
This note provides international comparisons of government borrowing and debt from 2008 to 2020.
13.11.2015Social security expenditure: Social Indicators summary
Summary data on benefit and tax credit expenditure in Great Britain.
12.11.2015Police funding: Social Indicators page
Police funding: Social Indicators page. SN/SG/2616.
06.11.2015The Office for Budget Responsibility and Charter for Budget Responsibility
This briefing investigates who the Office for Budget Responsibility are and what they do. It also considers the government's fiscal targets, which are included in the Charter for Budget Responsibility.
21.10.2015Defence Expenditure - NATO 2% Target
In 2006, NATO allies set a target to spend 2% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on defence. The UK continues to meet this target, but when reporting its defence expenditure to NATO, the UK now includes several items of expenditure which had not previously been included.
06.08.2015Health expenditure: Social Indicators page
Health expenditure: Social Indicators page. By Rachael Harker. SN/SG/2640.
10.07.2015Summer Budget 2015: A summary
This note presents a summary of the Summer Budget 2015. This note provides an overview of the main Budget measures (see below), along with analysis of the forecasts, changes to the fiscal rules, changes to welfare, the National Living Wage, and public spending.
03.07.2015Public procurement
One third of public sector spending is on procurement of goods and services. This briefing looks at the rules for public procurement, at government priorities and at how well public contracts are being managed and delivered.
03.07.2015Background to the July 2015 Budget
This note sets out the background to the July 2015 Budget, the first Budget of the current Parliament.
18.06.2015European Union (Finance) Bill 2015-16
The Commons Library's briefing note on the European Union (Finance) Bill 2015-16.
19.05.2015Public Expenditure by country and region
This note provides information on levels of public spending per head in the countries and regions of the UK.
19.05.2015Key Issues for the 2015 Parliament
This book examines the key issues facing the House of Commons over the course of the 2015 Parliament - from the public finances to the UK's membership of the EU and from school places for children to climate change.
13.05.2015PFI: costs and benefits
The use of PFI contracts is controversial. This note considers the arguments for the costs and benefits of PFI, as well as looking at changes to PFI under the coalition government.
18.03.2015Budget 2015: a summary
This note provides an overview of the 2015 Budget along with analysis of the Office for Budget Responsibility's forecasts.
13.03.2015Budget 2015: Background briefing
This note sets out the background to the 2015 Budget, the last of the current Parliament.
10.03.2015Sources of Statistics: Public Finances
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on public finance.
03.03.2015Economic Indicators, March 2015
This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
10.12.2014Education spending in the UK
Briefing paper analysing trends in UK public sector expenditure on education up to 2013-14, plans up to 2015-16, variations within the UK, long term trends in education spending since the 1950s and international comparisons.
28.11.2014Autumn Statement 2014: Background briefing
This note sets out the background to the 2014 Autumn Statement.
17.11.2014Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill: Committee stage report
This is a report on the House of Commons Committee stage of the Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill.
21.09.2014Public sector finances: 2014 revisions
Accounting changes introduced to Public Sector Finance statistics from September 2014, are set to increase UK Public Sector Net Debt (PSND) and Public Sector Net Borrowing (PSNB) by around 130bn and 4bn respectively in 2013/14. The Public Sector Current Budget deficit and Public Sector Net Investment will also be affected.
28.07.2014The 0.7% aid target
In 2013, the Government achieved the target for the UK to contribute 0.7% of its national income in aid for the first time, when the UK's total aid expenditure reached 11.4 billion, or 0.72% of national income. This is more than double the aid-to-national-income ratio that was achieved through most of the 1980s and 1990s. The UK has joined a very select group - as well as the UK, only Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Luxembourg and the United Arab Emirates spent more than 0.7% of their national income in aid in 2013.
14.07.2014Public sector employment and expenditure by region
Public spending and public sector employment by region.
10.07.2014Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill
The Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill will receive its Second Reading in the House of Commons on 16 July 2014.
23.03.2014Budget 2014: a summary
Budget 2014 and Office for Budget Responsibility forecasts: a summary. Includes overview along with analysis of forecasts and changes to pensions and savings, the welfare cap and the treatment of disputed tax.
14.03.2014Budget 2014: Background briefing
This note sets out the background to the 2014 Budget.
31.01.2014Public procurement: small businesses and savings
This archived note briefly discussed public procurement with a particular focus on small and medium-sized enterprises and savings. It has been superseded by SN6029 (Public Procurement).
09.12.2013Autumn Statement 2013: a summary
This note sets out the main measures announced in the 2013 Autumn Statement, presented by the Chancellor on 5 December 2013, and the Office for Budget Responsibility's updated forecasts for the economy and public finances. There are also overviews of policy announcements on the State Pension age, business rates, the cap on welfare spending and jobs and young people.
03.12.2013Autumn Statement 2013: background briefing
This note sets out the background to the 2013 Autumn Statement which will take place on Thursday 5 December. The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) will publish revised forecasts for the economy and public finances on the same day.
19.11.2013Estimating the costs of tax and benefit changes by gender
This note looks at different approaches to estimating the impact of budget measures on women and men.
04.07.2013The outcome of the 2013 Spending Review
This note summarises the main announcements contained in the 2013 Spending Review.
14.06.2013Background to the 2013 Spending Review
This note provides background information ahead of the 2013 Spending Review, which will be announced on the 26 June 2013.
14.06.2013UK overseas aid expenditure
This note describes how UK official development assistance (overseas aid) is distributed.
20.03.2013A summary of the 2013 Budget
This note summarises the main points of the 2013 Budget.
14.03.2013Background to the 2013 Budget
This note sets out the economic and public finance background to the 2013 Budget.
05.12.2012The 2012 Autumn Statement
This note summarises the main points of the Autumn Statement.
03.12.2012Background to the 2012 Autumn Statement
The Chancellor will present the Autumn Statement on 5 December. This note sets out the economic and public finance background to the Statement.
30.11.2012Bank of England Asset Purchase Facility Fund Limited (BEAPFF)
This short note provides background on the recent announcement that the Bank of England is to transfer to the Exchequer excess cash held by the Bank as part of its programme of Quantitative Easing (QE).
01.11.2012Holtham Commission
This note outlines the main recommendations from the Holtham Commission's final report, briefly summarises the Commission's first report and includes reaction from the Welsh Assembly and UK Government to the Commission's recommendations.
12.09.2012Infrastructure (Financial Assistance) Bill
This briefing has been prepared to inform the Second Reading debate on the Infrastructure (Financial Assistance) Bill
06.07.2012Scotland's economy: current situation and issues related to independence
22.03.2012The 2012 Budget
This note summarises the main points of the 2012 Budget.
16.03.2012Background to the 2012 Budget
This note sets out the economic, public finance and taxation background to the 2012 Budget.
29.11.2011The 2011 Autumn Statement
This note summarises the main points of the 2011 Autumn Statement.
28.11.2011Background to the 2011 Autumn Statement
This note sets out the background to the 2011 Autumn Statement which will take place on 29 November.
24.10.2011Public Services (Social Value) Bill 2010-12 [Bill 238 of 2010-12]: Committee Stage Report
This is a report on the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Public Services (Social Value) Bill 2010-12. It complements Research Paper 10/73 which was prepared for the Commons Second Reading of the Bill, then titled the Public Services (Social Enterprise and Social Value) Bill.
24.05.2011Health expenditure: international comparisons
In the UK expenditure on health comes largely from public funds, with 82.6% of total expenditure on health coming from public expenditure. This is the fifth highest proportion among OECD countries and is similar to other northern European countries. In the United States less than half of total health expenditure comes from public funds.
30.03.2011The 2011 Budget
This note summarises the main points of the 2011 Budget and the reaction to it.
28.03.2011Background to the 2011 Budget
This note sets out the background to the 2011 Budget which will take place on Wednesday, 23 March.
15.03.2011Budget Responsibility and National Audit [HL] Bill: Committee stage report
The Bill establishes the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) on a statutory basis, following its creation after the general election of 2010. It also requires the Treasury to publish a Charter for Budget Responsibility setting out its approach to fiscal policy. The Bill would also confirm a new corporate governance structure for the National Audit Office, under a new paid post of Chair, who would develop a joint strategy with the Comptroller and Auditor General. This Research Paper covers the Bill's House of Commons Committee Stage.
08.02.2011Budget Responsibility and National Audit Bill [HL]
The Bill establishes the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) on a statutory basis, following its creation after the general election of 2010. It also requires the Treasury to publish a Charter for Budget Responsibility setting out its approach to fiscal policy. The Bill would also confirm a new corporate governance structure for the National Audit Office, under a new paid post of Chair, who would develop a joint strategy with the Comptroller and Auditor General.
30.11.2010The 2010 Autumn Statement
This note provides background on the 2010 Autumn Statement which will be presented to the House by the Chancellor on monday 29 November.
22.10.2010Background to the 2010 Spending Review
This note sets out the background to the Spending Review which will take place on 20 October.
22.10.2010The outcome of the 2010 Spending Review
This note summarises the main measures of the 2010 Spending Review.
06.07.2010Economic indicators, July 2010
This Research Paper series summarises the main economic indicators currently available for the UK, along with comparisons with other major OECD countries. This edition includes articles on future growth in the UK economy, and the CPI and benefit indexation. [article:'Future growth in the UK economy' and 'The CPI and benefit indexation']
30.06.2010The Clear Line of Sight (Alignment) Project
This note provides information on the Clear Line of Sight project which aims to improve presentation and reporting of public expenditure.
29.06.2010June 2010 Budget: a summary
This note provides a summary of the main points of the 2010 Budget and the initial reaction to it.
18.06.2010Background to the June 2010 Budget
This note gives the economic, public finance and taxation background to the June 2010 Budget
26.03.2010The 2010 Budget
This note summarises the main points in the 2010 Budget and the reaction to it.
09.03.2010Background to the 2010 Budget
This note sets out the economic and public finance background to the 2010 Budget.
22.12.2009Fiscal Responsibility Bill (Bill 13 of 2009-10)
The Bill imposes a number of obligations on the Treasury to reduce government borrowing and debt. It allows the Treasury to impose further duties by order and requires that such an order be made for the period after 2015/16. The Bill requires the Treasury to report on progress towards, and compliance with, these obligations in future Budgets and Pre-Budget Reports.
10.12.2009Background to the 2009 Pre-Budget Report
This note provides the economic and public finance background to the 2009 Pre-Budget Report.
10.12.2009The 2009 Pre-Budget Report
This note sets out the main features of the 2009 Pre-Budget Report and the reaction to it.
23.10.2009Projections of long term care expenditure
Projections of long term care expenditure. By Rachael Harker. SN/SG/3126. This Note summarises the latest projections of expenditure on long-term care services for older people in England to 2041 derived from the University of Kent's Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU) model.
03.07.2009The Barnett formula: recent developments
21.04.2009Background to the 2009 Budget
The 2009 Budget will be presented by the Chancellor on 22 April. This note provides background on recent developments and forecasts for the economy and public finances.
20.11.2008Background to the 2008 Pre-Budget Report
This note provides background to the Pre-Budget Report which will be delivered on 24 November. The note covers the outlook for the economy and public finances and the measures the Government may take to boost the economy.
14.12.2007The Barnett Formula
21.10.2003Private finance initiative (PFI)
The Private Finance Initiative (PFI). House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/79.
23.09.2003Burden of taxation
The Burden of Taxation. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/74.
01.12.2002Economic indicators
Economic indicators. (Includes article on Public expenditure). House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/70.
09.07.2002Burden of Taxation
The burden of taxation. House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/43.
30.11.2001The Barnett formula
The Barnett formula. House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/108.
08.06.2000Background to the 2000 Spending Review
Background to the 2000 Spending Review. House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/59
30.11.1999Government Resources and Accounts Bill (Bill 3 1999/2000)
The Government Resources and Accounts Bill (Bill 3 of 1999/2000). House of Commons Library Research Paper 99/97.
12.01.1998The Barnett formula
The Barnett formula. House of Commons Research Paper 98/8.
All Select Committee Reports
39 Select Committee Reports
DateDescription
19.12.2011Private finance initiative.
Government response. Treasury; Office for Budget Responsibility; National Audit Office; Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
18.07.2011Lessons from PFI and other projects.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
18.07.2011Private finance initiative.
Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
20.06.2011Budget 2011.
Government response. Treasury Select Committee; Treasury; Office for Budget Responsibility report [Commons]
27.04.2011Finance (No.
Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
28.03.2011Accountability for public money.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
15.02.2011The major projects report 2010.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
08.02.2011Excess votes 2009-10.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
31.01.2011Commissioning.
Government response. Department of Health report [Commons]
27.01.2011Spending Review 2010.
Government response. Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
25.01.2011HMRC 2009-10 accounts.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
14.12.2010Financial Scrutiny of the Department for Transport.
Transport Select Committee report [Commons]
01.12.2010Financing PFI projects in the credit crisis and the Treasury's response.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
01.12.2010Procurement of the M25 private finance contract.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
22.11.2010Comprehensive spending review.
Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
27.10.2010Progress with VFM savings and lessons for cost reduction programmes.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
30.07.2010Setting priorities for publicly funded research.
Government response. Department for Business, Innovation and Skills report [Commons and Lords]
06.04.2010Government Response to Report on Private Finance Projects and off-balance sheet debt.
Government response. Economic Affairs Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
23.02.2010Private finance projects and off-balance sheet debt.
Economic Affairs Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
09.02.2010Reporting contingent liabilities to Parliament (Emergency liquidity assistance).
Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
08.02.2010Excess votes 2008-09.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
16.12.2009Government response to the Barnett Formula Select Committee (HL)'s first report of session 2008-09 (HL...
Government response. Treasury report [Commons and Lords]
29.10.2009Financial scrutiny: Parliamentary control over Government budgets.
Government response. Treasury; House of Commons Liaison Committee report [Commons]
14.10.2009Evaluating the efficiency programme.
Government response. Treasury; Revenue and Customs; Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
21.07.2009Evaluating the efficiency programme.
Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
09.07.2009Barnett Formula Select Committee (HL) first report on the Barnett formula.
Barnett Formula Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
08.07.2009Financial management in the Home Office.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
07.07.2009Budget 2009.
Government response. Treasury; Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
25.06.2009Financial scrutiny: Parliamentary control over Government budgets.
House of Commons Liaison Committee report [Commons]
02.06.2009Pre-Budget Report 2008: green fiscal policy in a recession.
Government response. Treasury; Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
05.05.2009Budget 2009.
Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
27.04.2009Pre-Budget Report 2008.
Government response. Treasury; Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
01.04.2009Public expenditure.
Government response. Department for Children, Schools and Families; Children Schools and Families Select Committee report [Commons]
30.03.2009Financial management in the NHS: report on the NHS summarised accounts 2007-08.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
10.03.2009Pre-Budget Report 2008: green fiscal policy in a recession.
Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
11.02.2009Selection of the new Comptroller and Auditor General.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
09.02.2009Excess votes 2007-08.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
20.01.2009Pre-Budget Report 2008.
Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
08.12.2008Public expenditure.
Children Schools and Families Select Committee report [Commons]