House of Lords

All Commons Briefing Papers
40 Documents
DateDescription
07.01.2016Conventions on the relationship between the House of Commons and House of Lords
This House of Commons Library briefing paper sets out the conventions on the relationship between the two Houses of Parliament and their origins. On 17 December 2015 Lord Strathclyde published his review of secondary legislation and the primacy of the House of Commons. This briefing paper sets out the background to the review and Lord Strathclyde's recommendations.
24.07.2015Lord Speaker
This note sets out the background to the creation of the office of Lord Speaker in 2006. It covers developments and proposals in the role since then. It also provides the election results for 2006, and details of the election process in 2011.
16.07.2015Women in Parliament and Government
191 women MPs were elected at the 2015 General Election, 29% of all MPs and a record high. Prior to 1987 women had never been more than 5% of MPs. 450 women have been elected to the Commons since 1918, nine less than the current number of male MPs.
20.05.2015Peerage Creations since 1997
This Standard Note provides details of appointments to the House of Lords from May 1997 to March 2015. It provides tables showing the numbers appointed under Prime Ministers Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron, broken down by party affiliation at the time of appointment. It also includes a chronological list of all those appointed during this period.
26.03.2015Role of the Lord Chancellor
History and development of the office of Lord Chancellor. This note summarises the history and development of the office of Lord Chancellor and also examines the changes that were made to the role following the enactment of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005.
12.03.2015House of Lords (Expulsion and Suspension) Bill [HL] 2014-15
The House of Lords (Expulsion and Suspension) Bill [HL] 2014-15 is a private Member's bill. It allows the House of Lords to make Standing Orders that enable a suspension to run beyond the end of a Parliament and would allow the House of Lords to expel members for reasons other than non-attendance or being sentenced to over a year in prison (as provided for in the House of Lords Reform Act 2014).
03.03.2015International Women's Day 2015: Background and statistics
What are the trends for women's equality in the UK and across the globe? This document provides background statistics for International Women's Day 2015, examining international comparisons and UK-specific data.
16.01.2015Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill 2014-15 [Bill 143 2014-15]
This Note describes the Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill 2014-15 and places it in context
12.01.2015House of Lords Reform - developments in the 2010 Parliament
Since the Government's decision in the summer of 2012 to withdraw the House of Lords Reform Bill 2012-13, it has supported provisions in the House of Lords Reform Act 2014 to allow members of the House of Lords to resign, and to require those who do not attend and those convicted of serious offences to cease to be members.
10.07.2014House of Lords Reform (No 2) Bill 2013-14
The House of Lords Reform (No. 2) Bill 2013-14 was a private Members' bill, which received Royal Assent on 14 May 2014. It allows members of the House of Lords to retire or resign permanently. It also provides that members who did not attend and those convicted of serious offences should cease to be members of the House of Lords.
24.02.2014The Parliament Acts
This Standard Note sets out the procedures governing the use of the Parliament Acts of 1911 and 1949. It notes occasions when they have been used. It also reports on challenges to the validity of the Parliament Acts.
24.01.2014Ethnic Minorities in Politics and Government
Following the 2010 General Election there were 27 black and minority ethnic MPs, 12 more than before the election, but they make up only 4.2% of all MPs. Therefore the Commons remains disproportionate compared to 12.9% of the UK population from a non-white background.
15.11.2012Ministers in the House of Lords
This note considers how the number of ministers and Cabinet ministers in the House of Lords has changed in recent history. It considers briefly the accountability arrangements for the latter and it looks at the appointment of 'outside' ministerial appointments to the Lords.
12.11.2012PIL: Parliaments held away from Westminster
Parliaments held away from Westminster.
12.11.2012PIL: Meeting Places of the Houses of Parliament at Westminster
Meeting places of Parliament at Westminster other than the two main chambers.
25.09.2012House of Lords Reform Bill 2012-13: decision not to proceed
The House of Lords Reform Bill 2012-13 had its second reading in the Commons on 9 and 10 July 2012. While the vote on second reading was won, 91 Conservative Members voted against, and the Government did not move its programme motion, meaning that the Bill was not sent to committee. On 6 August 2012 Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg announced that the Bill would not proceed further. On 3 September 2012 he confirmed that it had been withdrawn. This Note summarises the events leading to the abandonment of the Bill, and considers Lord Steel's House of Lords (Cessation of Membership) Bill, which some see as a more modest alternative.
04.07.2012House of Lords Reform Bill 2012-13
This Research Paper discusses the House of Lords Reform Bill 2012-13, placing it in the context of the previous draft bill and wider debates on the subject.
04.07.2012House of Lords Statistics
This note provides summary statistics on the composition and activity of the House of Lords.
21.06.2012In brief: sources on House of Lords reform
This Note gives a guide to the official documents, parliamentary reports and research briefings on reform of the House of Lords since the publication of the Government's House of Lords Reform Draft Bill in May 2011.
02.06.2011Reform of the House of Lords: the Coalition Agreement and further developments
This note outlines the proposals for House of Lords reform contained in the Coalition Agreement, including those for the preparation of a draft Bill to create a fully or mainly elected House. Initial announcements stated that the draft Bill would be published in December 2010 but more recent statements have indicated that it will not be published until the New Year.
28.02.2011The House of Lords Appointments Commission
This note sets out the role of the Commission in more detail. It also summarises the conclusions of the December 2007 Public Administration Select Committee report, Propriety and Peerages.
16.11.2010Resignation, suspension and expulsion from the House of Lords
This note sets out the current rules on membership of the House of Lords and the disqualification criteria. It then outlines recent developments which have caused interest in the ability of the House of Lords to suspend and expel its own Members, and the ability of members of the House of Lords to stand down. It considers the provisions included in the Constitutional Reform and Governance Bill as introduced, and the reactions to them, including some of the main arguments made during the second reading debate. It also sets out proposals which have been made for time-limited appointments to the House of Lords - so called 'term peerages".
23.08.2010Financial Support for Members of the House of Lords
In November 2009 the Review Body on Senior Salaries (SSRB) published its Review of Financial Support for Members of the House of Lords. This note sets out the expense allowance system as it currently operates, the background to the 2009 SSRB report, and its recommendations. It then sets out the changes made so far to the system.
11.05.2010House of Lords Reform: the 2008 White Paper and developments to April 2010
This note sets out a brief history of reform of the House of Lords before summarising the proposals made in the 2008 White Paper and the measures on Lords reform included in the Constitutional Reform and Governance Bill 2008-09 introduced in the Commons in July 2009.
11.05.2010House of Lords reform: proposals to end the by-elections for the hereditary peers
The Constitutional Reform and Governance Bill 2008-09 introduced in July 2009 included a clause which would end the process of by-elections to fill the vacancies for hereditary peers. This would allow the number of hereditary peers in the Lords to reduce over time to zero. This note sets out the Government's proposals and some background information on the House of Lords Act 1999.
14.04.2010Remaining stages of the Constitutional Reform and Governance Bill 2009-10
This Note outlines the changes made to the Bill during report stage and third reading in the House of Commons, seconf reading in the Lords and during wash up.
07.04.2010Regulation of standards of conduct in the House of Lords
This Note sets out the new procedures to be used in the House of Lords to investigate allegations of misconduct against peers, which replace the system in operation since 2002. The changes are based on the report of the (Eames) Leader's Group which recommended reforms to the Code of Conduct and the appointment of an independent House of Lords Commissioner for Standards.
25.02.2010Constitutional Reform and Governance Bill: Committee stage report
There were some significant amendments during the Committee Stage of this Bill. The Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority was given control over setting Members' pay and pensions by amendments to the Parliamentary Standard Act 2009. There is to be a new Compliance Officer to investigate alleged misuse of Members' allowances; amendments would ensure that all MPs and peers would be liable to UK taxes; there would be a referendum on whether to adopt the Alternative Vote by 31 October 2011; and a new requirement on Returning Officers to begin election counts four hours after a general election poll closes.
26.10.2009Religious representation in the House of Lords
Within the context of House of Lords' reform proposals, there has also been discussion of the future of the Lords Spiritual, and questions of whether other faiths groups should have representation in the second chamber. This note discusses these proposals including the Government's most recent White Paper on Lords reform published in July 2008.
04.12.2007House of Lords - Developments since January 2004
20.03.2007House of Lords Reform: 2007 White Paper
This note provides a brief summary of the White Paper on House of Lords reform which was published on 7 February 2007. It notes some of the initial reaction to the content of the White Paper from political parties and groups, and pressure groups.
13.03.2007Commons divisions on House of Lords Reform: March 2007
08.01.2007House of Lords - continuing debate
This note relates some of the further developments in the debate on House of Lords reform that have taken place since the last Standard Note, House of Lords reform - recent developments (SN/PC/2973). The note also considers the steps that have been taken since to make progress on the question of Lords reform.
08.01.2007House of Lords: Conventions
This note outlines the background to the establishment of the Joint Committee to review the coventions of the House of Lords and then reviews the conventions identified in the motion. It reviews the debates in both Houses on establishing the Joint Committee in the House of Lords.
21.02.2005House of Lords Reform - recent developments
This note reviews developments in the debate on the reform of the House of Lords since the publication of the Government's consultation paper, Constitutional reform: next steps for the House of Lords.
18.05.2004Parliamentary pay and allowances
Parliamentary pay and allowances. House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/40. (Replaces Research Paper 03/64).
20.02.2004Secondary Mandate
This note describes the secondary mandate process, gives examples of the use of the system and explores some the issues that the secondary mandate idea raises.
25.11.2003House of Lords developments since 2002
House of Lords: developments since 2002. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/85.
24.10.2001House of Lords reform: developments since 1997
House of Lords reform: developments since 1997. House of Commons Library Research paper 01/77.
15.06.2000Lords Reform: the Interim House - Background Statistics
Lords reform: the interim House - background statistics. House of Commons Library Research paper 00/61.
All Select Committee Reports
23 Select Committee Reports
DateDescription
26.03.2012Merits of Statutory Instruments Committee.
Procedure Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
22.03.2012House Committee (HL) third report on Grand Committee and Select Committee Resources.
House Committee (HL) report [Lords]
20.03.2012House of Lords Liaison Committee third report.
House of Lords Liaison Committee report [Lords]
01.11.2011Proposals arising from the Report of the Leader's Group on Working Practices.
Procedure Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
20.07.2011Information Select Committee (HL) first report on Annual Report 2010-11.
Information Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
16.06.2011Committee of Selection (HL) fourth report.
Committee of Selection (HL) report [Lords]
16.02.2011Constitution Select Committee (HL) eleventh report on Meeting with Lord Jay of Ewelme, Chairman, House...
Constitution Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
25.01.2011Use of electronic devices in the House.
Administration and Works Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
17.11.2010House of Lords Liaison Committee second report.
House of Lords Liaison Committee report [Lords]
17.06.2010Committee of Selection (HL) third report.
Committee of Selection (HL) report [Lords]
09.06.2010House of Lords Liaison Committee first report.
House of Lords Liaison Committee report [Lords]
07.06.2010Committee of Selection (HL) second report.
Committee of Selection (HL) report [Lords]
27.05.2010Committee of Selection (HL) first report.
Committee of Selection (HL) report [Lords]
26.11.2009Response to White Paper: "An Elected Second Chamber".
Government response. Ministry of Justice; Public Administration Select Committee report [Commons]
23.11.2009Committee of Selection (HL) first report.
Committee of Selection (HL) report [Lords]
09.11.2009Information Select Committee (HL) second report on Annual Report 2008-09.
Information Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
15.07.2009House Committee (HL) second report on facilities for peers who are MEPs or judges.
House Committee (HL) report [Lords]
15.07.2009House Committee (HL) third report on Refreshment Department functions.
House Committee (HL) report [Lords]
08.07.2009Information Select Committee (HL) first report on Are the Lords listening?
Information Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
11.05.2009Privileges Select Committee (HL) first report on The Powers of the House of Lords in respect of its Members....
Privileges Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
01.04.2009House Committee (HL) first report on police access to the precincts: protocol.
House Committee (HL) report [Lords]
15.01.2009Response to White Paper: "An Elected Second Chamber".
Public Administration Select Committee report [Commons]
08.12.2008Committee of Selection (HL) first report.
Committee of Selection (HL) report [Lords]