Nationality

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on issues of Nationality. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
06.10.2015Immigration Bill 2015-16
The Immigration Bill 2015-16 is due to have its second reading in the Commons on 13 October.
22.05.2015Delays in processing passport applications
Concerns about delays in processing passport applications became prominent during spring/summer 2014. A range of measures were implemented to address the problems, including certain concessions for applicants who need to travel urgently. As a result of reviews into the delays, HM Passport Office lost its executive agency status from 1 October 2014 and is now directly accountable to Home Office Ministers.
13.05.2015Constituency casework: asylum, immigration and nationality
Members of Parliament handle an enormous number of immigration, nationality and asylum enquiries from constituents. This briefing provides a brief overview of the UK's immigration and asylum system and basic British nationality law. It also outlines the legal restrictions on giving immigration advice, gives some suggestions on handling constituents' enquiries, refers to some sources of information that may be helpful for straightforward questions, and highlights training courses available to Members' staff.
30.01.2015Deprivation of British citizenship and withdrawal of passport facilities
In recent years there has been an increasing use of powers to deprive people of their British citizenship and withdraw British passport facilities, particularly in respect of those who may be involved in fighting, extremist activity or terrorist training overseas.
14.10.2014Organisational reforms to the immigration system since 2006
The UK Border Agency has been replaced by the Home Office directorates 'UK Visas and Immigration', 'Immigration Enforcement' and 'Border Force'. In July 2014 the National Audit Office found that there has been mixed progress in addressing the concerns that had led to the abolition of the UKBA, and concluded that it is too early to detect an impact of organisational improvement on customers and stakeholders. Her Majesty's Passport Office has also been brought under direct Home Office control, with effect from 1 October 2014.
23.06.2014Passport application fees
There are different fees for British passports, depending on whether the application is made in the UK or overseas.
13.11.2013Free passports for British Citizens born on or before 2nd September 1929.
A scheme was introduced in 2004 to provide free passports for British citizens then aged 75 or over 'in grateful commemoration for their wartime efforts'. The scheme is aimed at those who were 16 or older at the end of the war.
10.02.2012Biometric passports
This note provides some general information about the UK's "biometric' passports (also known as 'ePassports'), which it began to issue in 2006. The passports include a microchip which stores a digitised image of the holder's passport photograph as well as the biographical details printed on the passport. Non-biometric passports continue to be valid until they expire.
09.07.2009Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Bill [HL]: Committee Stage Report. Bill 115 2008-09.
This Bill would deal firstly with the transfer of border customs functions to the new UK Border Agency. It would also introduce new naturalisation requirements, deal with various other citizenship issues and place a new duty on the UK Border Agency to safeguard the welfare of children, also making provisions in relation to trafficking babies and children for exploitation. Some elements of the Bill underwent significant change in the Lords. The Bill as first published would have provided for immigration control to be introduced on air and sea routes within the Common Travel Area (the UK, Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands), but these controversial provisions were defeated in the Lords. Originally the Bill would also have restricted the involvement of the higher courts in immigration and nationality cases, but a Lords amendment limited the scope of this restriction. At the Commons Committee stage, the clause relating to the Common Travel Area was changed again and the original provisions reinstated. The introduction in the Lords of a grace period for those close to qualifying for naturalisation was reversed and the original provisions relating to judicial review were also reinstated.
22.05.2009Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Bill [HL] (Bill 86 of 2008-09).
This paper is on the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Bill [HL] (Bill 86 of 2008-09). This Bill would deal firstly with the transfer of border customs functions to the new UK Border Agency. It would also introduce new naturalisation requirements and deal with various other citizenship issues. The Bill as it was introduced in the Lords would have provided for immigration control to be introduced on air and sea routes within the Common Travel Area but these provisions were defeated in the Lords. Originally the Bill would also have restricted the involvement of the higher courts in immigration and nationality cases, but a Lords amendment limited the scope of this restriction. The Bill would introduce a new duty on the UK Border Agency to safeguard the welfare of children and make provisions in relation to trafficking babies and children for exploitation.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
08.01.2016Identity Cards in the UK
This Lords Library briefing provides background information ahead of the debate in the House of Lords scheduled for 14 January 2016 on the "potential use of identity documentation in dealing with the challenges of assuring the identity of individuals". It does this through a short chronology of the history of ID cards in the UK over the last century. It then provides more information about two key pieces of legislation: the Identity Cards Act 2006 and the Identity Documentation Act 2010.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
30.09.2015Forensic Language Analysis
This note examines forensic language analysis, the scientific validity of procedures and their applications, and explores the issues surrounding their use.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
24.03.2009Legislative scrutiny: Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Bill.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
29.11.2011BRITISH PASSPORT-ONLY LANES AT PORTS
That this House recognises the frustration and anger of many British citizens in having to wait in long queues at entry ports on re-entering the country; applauds the Home Secretary's ...
26.04.2011DISMISSALS AT LIVERPOOL PASSPORT OFFICE
That this House is deeply concerned that 14 Identity and Passport Service (IPS) Liverpool permanent passport office staff were dismissed without notice on 21 March 2011 due to a recruitment ...
03.03.2011REFUSAL OF UK VISA FOR HELEN BERHANE
That this House regrets the decision by the UK Border Agency to refuse a visa for Helen Berhane to enter the UK; recalls the enormous suffering and persecution endured by Helen whilst ...
16.02.2011IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY (FEES) ORDER 2011
That this House regrets the decision to approve the Immigration and Nationality (Fees) Order 2011 because for the first time it introduces the power of Government to charge fees for ...
11.10.2010MAPUCHE PEOPLE OF CHILE
That this House notes the continuing repression of the Mapuche indigenous people of Chile, the recent hunger strike by Mapuche political prisoners since 12 July 2010 and the demands ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses