House of Lords

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on the House of Lords. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

07.01.2016Conventions on the relationship between the House of Commons and House of Lords
This House of Commons Library briefing paper sets out the conventions on the relationship between the two Houses of Parliament and their origins. On 17 December 2015 Lord Strathclyde published his review of secondary legislation and the primacy of the House of Commons. This briefing paper sets out the background to the review and Lord Strathclyde's recommendations.
24.07.2015Lord Speaker
This note sets out the background to the creation of the office of Lord Speaker in 2006. It covers developments and proposals in the role since then. It also provides the election results for 2006, and details of the election process in 2011.
16.07.2015Women in Parliament and Government
191 women MPs were elected at the 2015 General Election, 29% of all MPs and a record high. Prior to 1987 women had never been more than 5% of MPs. 450 women have been elected to the Commons since 1918, nine less than the current number of male MPs.
20.05.2015Peerage Creations since 1997
This Standard Note provides details of appointments to the House of Lords from May 1997 to March 2015. It provides tables showing the numbers appointed under Prime Ministers Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron, broken down by party affiliation at the time of appointment. It also includes a chronological list of all those appointed during this period.
26.03.2015Role of the Lord Chancellor
History and development of the office of Lord Chancellor. This note summarises the history and development of the office of Lord Chancellor and also examines the changes that were made to the role following the enactment of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005.
12.03.2015House of Lords (Expulsion and Suspension) Bill [HL] 2014-15
The House of Lords (Expulsion and Suspension) Bill [HL] 2014-15 is a private Member's bill. It allows the House of Lords to make Standing Orders that enable a suspension to run beyond the end of a Parliament and would allow the House of Lords to expel members for reasons other than non-attendance or being sentenced to over a year in prison (as provided for in the House of Lords Reform Act 2014).
03.03.2015International Women's Day 2015: Background and statistics
What are the trends for women's equality in the UK and across the globe? This document provides background statistics for International Women's Day 2015, examining international comparisons and UK-specific data.
16.01.2015Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill 2014-15 [Bill 143 2014-15]
This Note describes the Lords Spiritual (Women) Bill 2014-15 and places it in context
12.01.2015House of Lords Reform - developments in the 2010 Parliament
Since the Government's decision in the summer of 2012 to withdraw the House of Lords Reform Bill 2012-13, it has supported provisions in the House of Lords Reform Act 2014 to allow members of the House of Lords to resign, and to require those who do not attend and those convicted of serious offences to cease to be members.
10.07.2014House of Lords Reform (No 2) Bill 2013-14
The House of Lords Reform (No. 2) Bill 2013-14 was a private Members' bill, which received Royal Assent on 14 May 2014. It allows members of the House of Lords to retire or resign permanently. It also provides that members who did not attend and those convicted of serious offences should cease to be members of the House of Lords.

Lords Library Notes

29.01.2016Size of the House of Lords
This Library Note provides statistics and background information on the changing size of the House of Lords since the 1992-93 session alongside commentary and debates on the subject of the House's size over recent years.
05.01.2016Delegated Legislation in the House of Lords since 1997
This Lords Library briefing provides an overview of delegated legislation in the House of Lords since 1997.
13.10.2015Digital Democracy: Political Participation and Citizen Engagement through the Internet
This Library Note provides an overview of developments around citizens' political engagement and participation through the internet. It has been written in light of the 2015 'Open Up' report by the Speaker's Commission on Digital Democracy, which set five key targets for the House of Commons and made a number of recommendations to the administration and MPs in how to meet them. Reference to the report and its recommendations are referred to within.
30.09.2015Select Committees in the House of Lords
This Note considers committees in the House of Lords which deal with public matters.
08.09.2015The Governance and Administration of the House of Lords
This Note sets out how the House of Lords is structured, governed and managed, including joint working with the House of Commons.
24.08.2015Customs and Traditions in the House of Lords
This Library Note describes a selection of the customs and traditions, rules of behaviour and courtesies of the House of Lords. It illustrates the key ceremonies in the House of Lords, including the State Opening of Parliament, and highlights some of the less-known traditions. The Note also identifies changes that have taken place in recent decades, highlighting the way customs and traditions evolve over time.

Select Committee Reports

26.03.2012Merits of Statutory Instruments Committee.
Procedure Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
22.03.2012House Committee (HL) third report on Grand Committee and Select Committee Resources.
House Committee (HL) report [Lords]
20.03.2012House of Lords Liaison Committee third report.
House of Lords Liaison Committee report [Lords]
01.11.2011Proposals arising from the Report of the Leader's Group on Working Practices.
Procedure Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
20.07.2011Information Select Committee (HL) first report on Annual Report 2010-11.
Information Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]

Early Day Motions

That this House notes the recommendations of the Tenth Report of the House of Lords Merits of Statutory Instruments Committee, published on 5 November, in respect of the draft Justification ...
That this House is dismayed by the report in the Guardian newspaper that the Noble Lord Jay, Chairman of the Lords Appointment Committee, has written to the Prime Minister warning that ...
That this House notes the appointment of a new Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform to the House of Lords; further notes that the lead Minister for this ...
That this House congratulates the US corporate fraud prosecuting authorities upon the conviction of Conrad Black; notes the failure of the equivalent UK authorities to secure convictions ...
That this House notes the conviction in the United States of Lord Black of Crossharbour on charges of fraud and obstruction of justice; and believes that the rules for disqualification ...


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses