Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-19 out of 19

Freedom of information and the Royal Family
Published Wednesday, May 13, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN05377
This Note outlines exemptions in the Freedom of Information Act relating to the Royal Family.
Attempts to Amend Crown Succession
Published Thursday, March 19, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN04663
Private Members’ Bills since that have sought to amend crown succession prior to the Government's Succession to the Crown Bill

Topic: Crown

Finances of the Monarchy
Published Wednesday, September 17, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN00819
This note provides background information about the Royal finances, figures for the income and expenditure of the Queen as Head of State, and the Prince of Wales.

Topic: Crown

Queen's Speech - proposers and seconders of the Loyal Address since 1900
Published Wednesday, June 11, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers SN04064
The task of proposing and seconding the motion on the Loyal Address is regarded as an honour and is given to two government backbenchers.
State and ceremonial funerals
Published Wednesday, July 31, 2013 | Commons Briefing papers SN06600
This Note explains the arrangements for state and ceremonial funerals, including examples from the past. It shows the distinction between the two types of funeral, looks at what is known about the process to decide whether a state funeral will be held for a commoner, and provides some information on costs.

Topics: Constitution, Crown

Succession to the Crown Bill 2012-13
Published Wednesday, December 19, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers RP12-81
The Succession to the Crown Bill would make changes so that gender would no longer play a part in determining the order of succession to the Crown, and so that a person marrying a Roman Catholic would no longer be barred from becoming or remaining monarch. It would also remove a requirement for descendants of George II to seek permission from the monarch to marry, replacing it with a requirement for the first six people in the line of succession to seek consent if they wish to remain in line to the throne. This Paper discusses the existing rules, the changes proposed by the Bill, and the process among the 16 states of which the Queen is Head of State to make the changes together.

Topics: Constitution, Crown

Honours for political service
Published Monday, November 26, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN06433
This Note examines developments in honours for political service.
Olympic Britain
Published Thursday, July 26, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers RP12-38
Olympic Britain tells the story of the profound economic and social change in the UK since the two previous London Olympics, in 1908 and 1948, using statistics and expert analysis. The book can also be browsed using the Parliament website at www.parliament.uk/business/publications/research/olympic-britain/
Honours
Published Thursday, February 2, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN02832
This Note sets out the current operation of the Honours system and summarises the results of earlier reviews.
Sovereign Grant Bill
Published Tuesday, July 12, 2011 | Commons Briefing papers RP11-57
The Sovereign Grant Bill concerns the way in which the monarchy is funded. It seeks to replace the Civil List and other grants that support the Queen’s official duties with a new Sovereign Grant, based on a percentage of the profits of the Crown Estate. The new grant is designed to deliver at first a broadly similar level of finance in cash terms to what is available at present. There are mechanisms for adjusting the level in future, and for using any significant surplus as a means to reduce the grant. The Sovereign Grant is intended to be a typical government grant that will lead to the royal finances being audited by the National Audit Office, and subjected to full parliamentary scrutiny.

Topics: Constitution, Crown

The Act of Settlement and the Protestant Succession
Published Monday, January 24, 2011 | Commons Briefing papers SN00683
This note sets out the legal background to the rules surrounding the succession and then considers the historical background and context for the limitations on religious beliefs of the monarch and their spouse before looking at how the legislative restrictions could be removed. Lastly, it sets out recent attempts to change the laws of succession.

Topics: Constitution, Crown

Cost of a bank holiday
Published Wednesday, November 24, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN05775
The latest Government estimate is that an additional bank holiday would cost the economy £2.9 billion.
The Royal Prerogative
Published Wednesday, December 30, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers SN03861
This note sets out the historical background to the Royal Prerogative before describing general prerogative powers and the Crown's personal prerogative powers. It then sets out recent proposals for reform. It does not provide detailed information on individual prerogative powers.
Royal Marriages and Succession to the Crown (Prevention of Discrimination) Bill
Published Tuesday, March 17, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers RP09-24

Topics: Constitution, Crown

Royal marriages-constitutional issues
Published Tuesday, December 2, 2008 | Commons Briefing papers SN03417
This note sets out the legal and historical background to the restrictions on royal marriages, and considers their application in the case of the marriage of Prince Charles to Camilla Parker Bowles.

Topics: Constitution, Crown

The Coronation Oath
Published Wednesday, August 27, 2008 | Commons Briefing papers SN00435
This Note offers a summary of coronation procedures and sets out the statutory requirements for the Coronation Oath.

Topics: Constitution, Crown

Golden Jubilee 2002
Published Monday, January 13, 2003 | Commons Briefing papers SN01435
This note sets out as a record the progress of the Queen's Golden Jubilee, and gives historical background.

Topic: Crown

Queen and country fifty years on: facts and figures for the Golden Jubilee 2002.
Published Tuesday, April 23, 2002 | Commons Briefing papers RP02-28
Queen and Country Fifty Years On: facts and figures for the Golden Jubilee 2002. House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/28.

Topic: Crown

Lyings in State
Published Friday, April 12, 2002 | Commons Briefing papers SN01735
This Standard Note gives a history of lying in state from antiquity, and looks at occasions where people have lain in state in the last 200 years.

Topics: Crown, Parliament

Displaying 1-19 out of 19

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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