Working age benefits

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on benefits for people of working age. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
02.02.2016Under-occupying social housing: Housing Benefit entitlement
This House of Commons Briefing Paper provides information on which claimants are affected by the reduction in Housing Benefit when under-occupying a social rented home. The policy is often referred to as 'the removal of the Spare Room Subsidy' or the 'bedroom tax'. The benefit reduction has been in place since 1 April 2013. The paper summarises some of the key legal challenges to the under-occupation deduction from Housing Benefit.
13.01.2016The UN Inquiry into the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in the UK
The UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is conducting an inquiry into the impact of the UK Government's policies on people with disabilities in relation to their human rights obligations. This briefing paper provides information on the Committee, details of the inquiry and an overview of the Government's policies in relation to people with disabilities.
11.01.2016Cold Weather Payments for winter 2015/16
Cold Weather Payments are made from the Social Fund to certain recipients of Income Support, income-based Jobseeker's Allowance, income-related Employment and Support Allowance, Universal Credit or Pension Credit during periods of very cold weather. To 'trigger' the payments, the average temperature at a specified weather station must be recorded as, or forecast to be, 0C or below for seven consecutive days. The scheme runs from 1 November to 31 March each year.
05.01.2016Universal Credit changes from April 2016
Universal Credit (UC) is a new benefit which is to replace means-tested social security benefits and tax credits for working-age claimants by 2021. UC work allowances, the maximum a claimant can earn before their award is withdrawn, will be reduced from April 2016. Limits to support for new claimants will also apply from April 2017. This paper provides an introduction to Universal Credit and analyses the impact of these proposed changes.
29.12.2015Council Tax Reduction Schemes
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper provides information on the implementation of local Council Tax Reduction Schemes from 1 April 2013. These local support schemes have replaced the national scheme of Council Tax Benefit.
07.12.2015The Benefit Cap
This briefing explains how the household benefit cap operates and considers evidence of its impact to date. It goes on to consider the Government's intention to reduce the cap from 26,000 to 20,000 per year (23,000 in London).
30.11.2015Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015: a summary
Updated analysis of the Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015.
27.11.20152016 Benefits Uprating
This note sets out the main benefit and tax credit rates for the 2016-17 financial year.
20.11.2015Background to the 2015 Spending Review and Autumn Statement
Background to the joint 2015 Spending Review and Autumn Statement, which will be presented to Parliament on 25 November 2015.
20.11.2015A Fresh Start: the Stormont Agreement and Implementation Plan and the Northern Ireland (Welfare Reform) Bill 2015-16 [Bill 99]
The Northern Ireland (Welfare Reform) Bill is part of a process to stabilise the political institutions in Northern Ireland. It stems from a package agreed between the UK and Irish Governments and the largest Northern Ireland parties: the Fresh Start agreement. This paper gives a guide to the Bill, and to the agreement.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
10.11.2015Welfare Reform and Work Bill (HL Bill 69 of 2015-16)
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Welfare Reform and Work Bill on 17 November 2015.
16.07.2015Debate on the Budget Statement
This Library Note provides background information on the Budget Statement which was delivered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, on 8 July 2015. The Note provides a brief overview of some of the key Budget measures, before outlining the immediate reaction to the statement as expressed by members of the House of Commons and by a selection of organisations and commentators. It has been written to support the debate in the House of Lords on this subject scheduled to take place on 21 July 2015.
26.11.2013Pensions Bill (HL Bill 55 of 2013-14)
This Note provides background reading on the Pensions Bill, which is due to have its second reading in the House of Lords on 3 December 2013.
06.02.2013Welfare Benefits Up-rating Bill (HL Bill 78 of 2012-13)
The Welfare Benefits Up-rating Bill implements an announcement by the Chancellor in the 2012 Autumn Statement that increases in certain working-age welfare benefits and tax credits would be limited to 1 percent, rather than increasing them in line with inflation. This Library Note is intended to provide background information in advance of the Bill's second reading in the House of Lords on 11 February 2013.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
30.03.2015Measuring Living Standards
This POSTnote outlines different approaches to setting and measuring thresholds and their strengths and limitations. It also summarises research on recent trends in living standards and the key factors that influence them.
03.10.2011An Ageing Workforce
This POSTnote examines the main challenges to the participation and productivity of older people in the workforce.

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
31.10.2011INCOME TAX AND THE PERSONAL ALLOWANCE
That this House welcomes the commitment of the Coalition Government to increase the personal allowance to 10,000 by 2015; recognises that increases in the personal allowance have already ...
13.06.2011UNIVERSAL CREDIT DELIVERY
That this House notes that since only 15 per cent. of people in deprived areas have used a Government website in the last year, the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) may find that ...
27.04.2011TIME-LIMITING EMPLOYMENT AND SUPPORT ALLOWANCE
That this House notes with extreme concern the provisions for time-limiting contribution-related employment and support allowance (ESA) to 12 months included in the Welfare Reform Bill; ...
21.03.2011SOCIAL FUND REFORM
That this House notes that proposals to reform the Social Fund through the abolition of community care grants and crisis loans for general living expenses, and their replacement witha ...
13.12.2010JOBSEEKERS AND HOUSING BENEFIT
That this House notes that the Office of Budget Responsibility forecasts 1.36 million people will be claiming jobseeker's allowance at the start of 2013; further notes that in areas ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses