Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 81-100 out of 6070

Retail sales: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02818
Retail sales: key indicators on the value of retail sales.
Post-16 Area Reviews
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7357
This briefing provides information on the area reviews of post-16 education and training announced by the Government in July 2015.
Average Earnings: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02795
Average Earnings: Regularly updated data on average weekly earnings, including breakdowns by public and private sectors.
A British Bill of Rights?
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7193
The Conservative Party went into the 2015 General Election with a manifesto commitment to “scrap the Human Rights Act and curtail the role of the European Court of Human Rights.” This note provides a brief introduction to the Human Rights Act 1998; the European Convention on Human Rights and the work of the European Court of Human Rights.
Tax reporting for small business and the self-employed
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0015
On 25 January 2016 the House is to debate E-petition 115895 in Westminster Hall. The petition calls on the Government to "scrap plans forcing self employed & small business to do 4 tax returns yearly."

Topic: Taxation

Contracting out of probation services: 2013-2016
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06894
This briefing paper charts the implementation controversial reforms to the probation service. Most offenders are now supervised by Community Rehabilitation Companies, which are mostly privately led. A new public sector National Probation Service manages high risk offenders. So what's the verdict so far?
Members' Changes of Allegiance
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02537
A list of MPs who have changed allegiance from one political party to another or decided to sit as an independent MP.
Inflation: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02792
Inflation: Data on both the CPI and RPI inflation indices.
Student loan statistics
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN01079
Student loans are the main method of direct government support for higher education students. More than £10 billion is loaned to students each year, this is expected to grow rapidly and reach around £330 billion (2014-15 prices) by the middle of this century. The expansion of loans has raised questions about graduate repayments and ultimately the cost of the system to the taxpayer
Counter-extremism policy in English schools
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7345
The duties on schools in England to safeguard children from extremism, and promote British values

Topics: Schools, Terrorism

Government borrowing, debt and debt interest: statistics
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05745
This is a purely statistical note on public sector borrowing (the budget deficit), public sector debt and government debt interest payments.
Public Finances: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02812
Latest data on net borrowing and net debt.
Devolution of financial powers to the Scottish Parliament: recent developments
Published Friday, January 22, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07077
This paper discusses the proposals made by the Smith Commission - in its report published in November 2014 - for further devolution of power to the Scottish Government, in relation to taxation, funding and borrowing, and the Government’s plans for their implementation.
Driving: instruction
Published Thursday, January 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02844
This briefing paper summarises the law surrounding Approved Driving Instructors (ADIs), changes affecting them since 1997 and current proposals for further reform.

Topic: Roads

Agriculture: Historical Statistics
Published Thursday, January 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN03339
This note sets out important indicators of UK agriculture that have been published annually over this time. Together they give an indication of some of the ways that agriculture has changed in response to events over the last 100 years or more including the two world wars, the depression of the 1930s, the post-war boom and entry into the European Community. These long runs of data also give some historical context to more recent changes in agriculture including the dramatic fall in prices and farm incomes in the late 1990s, BSE and the outbreak of foot and mouth disease.

Topics: Agriculture, Farmers

Debate Pack: Potential role of UK manufacturing in development of onshore oil and gas
Published Thursday, January 21, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0018
This Commons Library debate pack has been completed ahead of the debate on Potential role of UK manufacturing in development of onshore oil and gas to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 26 January 2016 at 09:30-11:00am. The Member in charge of the debate is Kevin Hollinrake MP.
Foreign policy and development aid in Central Africa and East Africa
Published Thursday, January 21, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0024
This is a Debate Pack for the debate on ‘Foreign policy and development aid in Central Africa and East Africa', in the Chamber on Monday 25 January 2016. Debate Packs are collections of parliamentary and other relevant material produced for most non-legislative debates in the Chamber and Westminster Hall, other than half-hour adjournment debates.
Commons Library analysis: Safety in prisons in England and Wales
Published Thursday, January 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7467
Self-inflicted deaths, homicides, self-harm and assaults in prison in England and Wales have risen. The Ministry of Justice is taking action to reduce violence, but concerns remain.

Topic: Prisons

Pre-pack administrations
Published Thursday, January 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05035
This briefing paper, written by the Commons Library, will explain in detail at how pre-pack administrations work in practice under revised SIP 16; the ‘pros and cons’ of the procedure; the recommendations of the Graham Review; and provides a summary of the measures introduced by the Small Business Enterprise and Employment Act 2015. This briefing paper applies to England and Wales, and Scotland.

Topic: Insolvency

UK Sea Fisheries Statistics
Published Thursday, January 21, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02788
Key statistics and trends in the UK sea fishing industry, including landings, employment, fleet size, trade, sustainability and comparisons with EU countries.

Topic: Fisheries

Displaying 81-100 out of 6070

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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