Oil, petrol and natural gas

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on oil, petrol and natural gas. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

15.01.2016Shale gas and fracking
The regulatory regime for fracking in the UK is covered in this note along with comment on environmental concerns. It also covers the new access provisions and debate on fracking in during the Infrastructure Bill's passage through Parliament.
14.01.2016Oil Prices
This Commons briefing paper sets out a review of oil price trends and an outlook for oil prices to 2040.
14.01.2016The Energy Bill 2015-16: Background and changes in the Lords
The Energy Bill 2015-16 has been debated and Amended in the House of Lords. This paper provides a summary of those changes along with relevant background information for its debate in the House of Commons.
05.01.2016Competition in energy markets in Great Britain
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the history of political and regulatory intervention designed to increase the competiveness of domestic energy markets in Great Britain. The Paper sets out the timetable for the Energy Market Investigation and summarises the provisional findings that the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has published. The paper also summarises the main actions that Ofgem has undertaken in the past to tackle the level and complexity of tariffs.
23.12.2015UK offshore oil and gas industry
This Commons Library briefing paper provides a summary of the state of the UK offshore oil and gas industries and outlines the industry, the regulatory framework and key challenges for the industry.
16.11.2015Domestic gas and electricity prices: Social Indicators page
Depiction of trends in the retail prices of gas and electricity since privatisation.
16.11.2015Energy Use: Social Indicators page
Trends in sources of UK energy and generation
16.11.2015Road fuel prices: Social Indicators page
UK pretrol and diesel price trends and cross EU price comparisons
29.05.2015Taxation of North Sea oil
This note gives a short description of the way North Sea oil is taxed, before discussing the reforms that have been made to the fiscal regime since 2000.
10.03.2015Sources of Statistics: Energy
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on energy in the UK.

Lords Library Notes

17.07.2015Energy Bill [HL] (HL Bill 56 of 2015-16)
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading of the Energy Bill [HL] in the House of Lords, on 22 July 2015.
13.12.2010Debate on 16 December 2010: Deepwater Horizon and its implications. LLN 2010/030
Debate on 16 December 2010: Deepwater Horizon and its implications. House of Lords Library Note 2010/030


16.11.2015Future of Natural Gas in the UK
UK shale gas exploration and efforts to mitigate climate change have stimulated debate about the future of the natural gas sector. This briefing looks at potential future pathways for the sourcing and use of natural gas in the UK. It also considers the implications for the economy, energy prices, the reliability of energy supplies and efforts to cut emissions.
07.09.2015Trends in Energy
Providing affordable, reliable and sustainable energy is a key issue in UK policy. Energy policy can be informed by current energy sector trends and projections into the future. This briefing outlines key trends in energy, the factors driving these changes and future projections. It also highlights the implications and challenges of these trends.
11.07.2014Smart Metering of Energy and Water
Smart meters record energy and water usage and improve how this information is relayed to both consumer and suppliers. The Government plans to roll-out smart meters of electricity and gas to all households in Great Britain by the end of 2020. This POSTnote examines the potential benefits and risks associated with smart metering of both water and energy, and the challenges for the energy smart metering roll-out.
23.01.2012Measuring Energy Security
This POSTnote explores ways in which energy security may be measured for monitoring purposes.
01.07.2011Biofuels from algae, July 2011
This POSTnote examines the technical, economic and environmental issues around algal biofuels and their relevance to UK and EU policy targets.
01.04.2011Unconventional gas, April 2011
This POSTnote examines the potential for unconventional gas exploitation in the UK, the regulatory regimes covering such activity, and the issues surrounding the extraction and use of the gas.

Select Committee Reports

14.10.2009UK offshore oil and gas.
Government response. Department of Energy and Climate Change; Energy and Climate Change Select Committee report [Commons]
17.06.2009UK offshore oil and gas.
Energy and Climate Change Select Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

That this House notes the contribution of the oil and gas industry to the UK economy; further notes that this billion pound industry supported 440,000 jobs across the UK in 2010 with ...
That this House believes that fuel prices on motorways are too high; notes that a recent survey by WhatCar? found that fuel prices on motorways are up to 7.4 per cent. higher than the ...
That this House believes a moratorium should be placed on onshore and offshore exploration, development and production of shale gas via the withdrawal of UK Petroleum Exploration and ...
That this House notes that the Northern Ireland Justice Minister estimated in 2011 that there is an annual tax loss of 200 million from fuel fraud and cross-border fuel shopping in ...
That this House believes that the current cost of fuel is one of the biggest brakes on economic growth, and is causing hardship for many; notes that this is especially true in towns ...


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses