War and Conflict timeline - Houses of History

War and Conflict timeline - Houses of History

This animated historical chronology helps students learn about war and conflict in the history of Parliament.


Resources quick links


The interactive timeline highlights 15 key historical events from the 1605 Gunpowder Plot to the rebuilding of the House of Commons chamber after the Second World War.

Time required: 30 minutes plus optional writing activity.

Students can:

  • Learn about historical events like the English Civil War, the rise of Oliver Cromwell, the Bill of Rights and the First World War
  • Watch five animations that bring to life past events like the gruesome execution of King Charles I or the bombing in the Second World War
  • Take a writing challenge. Be either a Cavalier (in favour of the King and monarch) or a Roundhead (supporting Parliament) and report on the beheading of King Charles I from your point of view

Learning outcomes

All students should:

  • Learn about the English Civil War, the trial of King Charles I, the rule of Oliver Cromwell and the restoration of the monarchy
  • Discover the context of the Gunpowder Plot and learn more about the events of 5 November 1605
  • Understand an historical chronology and, using this, learn about significant events in the history of war and conflict in the UK
  • Evaluate a range of historical sources through images, animations, articles and links to further information on recommended websites

All students could:

  • Develop their writing skills by creating their own project, adding images and quotations collected from the timeline
  • Read longer authoritative articles to understand and interpret war and conflict in UK history

Practical information

  • Houses of History requires Flash version 10 or later. You can download this free software and the latest version is: Flash plug-in (link opens in new window)
  • Access the Help screen by clicking the button marked '?' at the top right of the resource
  • The resource is best viewed with a fast internet connection due to the number of images and


Image credits

Image credits

Picture credits and copyright information for images in the war and conflict timeline.

pdf file - 39 KB

Writing challenge: war and conflict

Writing challenge: war and conflict

Challenge your students to write a report on the execution of King Charles I, favouring either the monarchist or parliamentarian position.

pdf file - 54 KB
PDF download

Related teaching resources


World War One source pack

Related articles

What happened on the night of 5 November 1605? Why did the plotters want to kill the king? And how was the plot uncovered?