Energy

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on energy. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
15.01.2016Shale gas and fracking
The regulatory regime for fracking in the UK is covered in this note along with comment on environmental concerns. It also covers the new access provisions and debate on fracking in during the Infrastructure Bill's passage through Parliament.
14.01.2016Oil Prices
This Commons briefing paper sets out a review of oil price trends and an outlook for oil prices to 2040.
14.01.2016The Energy Bill 2015-16: Background and changes in the Lords
The Energy Bill 2015-16 has been debated and Amended in the House of Lords. This paper provides a summary of those changes along with relevant background information for its debate in the House of Commons.
08.01.2016The Warm Home Discount Scheme
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the Warm Home Discount scheme (WHD). The scheme started on 1 April 2011 and was originally programmed to end on 31 March 2015. Since then it has been extended twice first until 2015/16 and most recently until 2020/21.
05.01.2016Competition in energy markets in Great Britain
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the history of political and regulatory intervention designed to increase the competiveness of domestic energy markets in Great Britain. The Paper sets out the timetable for the Energy Market Investigation and summarises the provisional findings that the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has published. The paper also summarises the main actions that Ofgem has undertaken in the past to tackle the level and complexity of tariffs.
30.12.2015Green Investment Bank
The Green Investment Bank was set up by the Government to stimulate investment in green technologie. This note includes details of its role and the Governments intention to privatise it.
16.12.2015Solar farms: funding, planning and impacts
This Commons Library Briefing paper sets out recent policy updates and issues related to funding, the planning process and agricultural issues for solar farm developments.
14.12.2015Paris Climate Change Conference
14.12.2015ECO, the Energy Company Obligation
This Commons Briefing paper sets out the details of the Government's Energy Company Obligation scheme that provides funding for energy efficiency measures for difficult to treat homes and the homes of 'those most in need.'
16.11.2015Social Indicators 2015
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
18.11.2015Scotland Bill (HL Bill 73 of 2015-16)
This briefing provides information in support of the House of Lords consideration of the Scotland Bill.
03.07.2014Deregulation Bill (HL Bill 33 of 2014-15)
The Deregulation Bill is a wide-ranging bill that is intended to remove or reduce regulatory burdens on businesses, civil society, individuals, public sector bodies and the taxpayer across a number of policy areas including: general and specific areas of business, companies and insolvency, the use of land, housing, transport, communications, the environment, education and training, entertainment, public authorities and the administration of justice.
13.06.2014Infrastructure Bill [HL] (HL Bill 2 of 2014-15)
The Infrastructure Bill makes provision for the Government's proposals to fund, plan, manage and maintain the UK's national infrastructure.
08.01.2010Debate on 14th January: The Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change. LLN 2010/001
Debate on 14th January: The Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change. This Library Note aims to provide background reading for the debate to be held on Thursday 14th January: 'To call attention to the outcome of the Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change' The UN Conference on Climate Change took place in Copenhagen from 7th-19th December 2009. This Note explains the significance of the Conference in the context of previous international agreements on climate change, sets out the major disagreements that marred the negotiating process in Copenhagen and summarises the key elements contained in the final Copenhagen Accord. It considers analysis of the Accord's achievements and shortcomings, and summarises the reactions of key nations and interest groups.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
16.11.2015Future of Natural Gas in the UK
UK shale gas exploration and efforts to mitigate climate change have stimulated debate about the future of the natural gas sector. This briefing looks at potential future pathways for the sourcing and use of natural gas in the UK. It also considers the implications for the economy, energy prices, the reliability of energy supplies and efforts to cut emissions.
07.09.2015Trends in Energy
Providing affordable, reliable and sustainable energy is a key issue in UK policy. Energy policy can be informed by current energy sector trends and projections into the future. This briefing outlines key trends in energy, the factors driving these changes and future projections. It also highlights the implications and challenges of these trends.
05.06.2015Trends in Transport
Transport is a key driver of economic growth. It links people to their workplaces and connects businesses. It also affects health, the environment and societal wellbeing. This POSTnote looks at why transport is changing, outlines current trends across and within transport sectors and considers the planning of transport networks.
14.04.2015Energy Storage
The Government lists energy storage as one of eight great technologies in which the UK can become a global leader. This briefing outlines the roles of energy storage in the electricity, heat and transport sectors and describes the technologies used from the household level up. It also discusses current barriers and policies for energy storage and potential future uptake.
11.07.2014Smart Metering of Energy and Water
Smart meters record energy and water usage and improve how this information is relayed to both consumer and suppliers. The Government plans to roll-out smart meters of electricity and gas to all households in Great Britain by the end of 2020. This POSTnote examines the potential benefits and risks associated with smart metering of both water and energy, and the challenges for the energy smart metering roll-out.
29.05.2014Intermittent Electricity Generation
Sources of electricity that exhibit uncontrolled increases or decreases in output are often referred to as intermittent. This POSTnote examines the effect of wind, solar, wave and tidal intermittency on electricity prices, carbon dioxide emissions and the provision of electricity to meet demand. The note also describes measures to manage intermittency.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
19.07.2011Ofgem Retail Market Review.
Energy and Climate Change Select Committee report [Commons]
19.07.2011Shale gas.
Government response. Energy and Climate Change Select Committee; Department of Energy and Climate Change report [Commons]
10.05.2011Shale gas.
Energy and Climate Change Select Committee report [Commons]
18.01.2011The revised draft national policy statements on energy.
Energy and Climate Change Select Committee report [Commons]
15.03.2010The sale of the government's interest in British Energy.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
10.01.2012BIG ENERGY WEEK
That this House supports Big Energy Week, which runs from 16 to 21 January 2012 and is designed to help consumers to save money on their energy bills; notes that the recent rises in ...
14.12.2011FISCAL INCENTIVES FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY
That this House welcomes the recommendation by the Environmental Audit Committee in its July 2011 report Budget 2011 and Environmental Taxes that `the Government should consider providing ...
01.12.2011GREEN DEAL AND VAT
That this House recognises the overall costs of the Green Deal to consumers including product costs, interest rates and value added tax (VAT) will have an impact on future Green Deal ...
14.11.2011RAISE THE RATE CAMPAIGN ON DEBT BLOCKING OF PRE-PAID METER CUSTOMERS
That this House calls on Ofgem urgently to raise the level of debt below which pre-paid meter (PPM) customers can switch their energy supplier from the current level of 200 to 350, ...
18.10.2011ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CARBON REDUCTIONS
That this House believes it is essential that the UK Parliament passes all necessary legislation to ensure a great reduction in the nation's current carbon emission levels, improve ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses