Input into legislation

There are several ways to have your say on legislation that affects you, including contacting a member of the Lords and submitting evidence to a Public Bill Committee in the House of Commons.

Submitting evidence to a Public Bill Committee

Evidence sessions

After the second reading of a bill in the House of Commons, it will usually be referred to a Public Bill Committee for detailed examination of the bill. The committee may invite members of the public to submit their views.

Committees usually begin by inviting ministers or other officials to talk to them in person about the bill. They may invite lobby groups, organisations or individuals with a particular interest in the subject to give their views in this way. If you think you or your organisation should be invited, you can contact the departmental officials responsible for the bill.

Contact the Scrutiny Unit for more information on giving evidence to Public Bill Committees.

To find out which department to contact, check who is sponsoring the bill by looking on the bill web pages

Giving written evidence 

Committees can also ask for written evidence from organisations and members of the public.

Find out which Public Bill Committees are taking evidence now

What happens once the evidence has been gathered?

Meetings of Public Bill Committees take place in public and you can attend these sessions without reserving a place in advance. Details of the sessions are also recorded in Hansard.

Once the Public Bill Committee has finished taking evidence, it will report its findings to the House of Commons, with suggestions for amendments or changes to the bill. These will be debated in the House of Commons chamber.

Contacting a member of the Lords about a bill

Legislation is debated in both Houses of Parliament, so one way to have your say is to contact a member of the Lords who will be speaking during the different stages of a bill.

Members of the Lords often focus on bills relating to certain issues. The best way to find out which members are working on the bill that interests you is to check who will be speaking about it at its second reading in the House of Lords chamber. You can find this information in the Speaker’s List.

You can approach one of these speakers using the contact details provided.

Members of the Lords may be able to help with your concern as they can raise issues about a bill and suggest amendments, or changes, when this bill is being worked on. In the House of Lords there is no time limit on any of the stages of consideration of a bill. Members can discuss an issue for as long as they need to.

Find out more about using the Speaker’s Lists to contact a Member of the Lords about a bill.

Bills v Acts

A Bill is a draft law; it becomes an Act if it is approved by a majority in the House of Commons and House of Lords, and formally agreed to by the reigning monarch (known as Royal Assent). An Act of Parliament is a law, enforced in all areas of the UK where it is applicable.

How does a Bill become law?

Our Passage of a Bill guide shows a Bill’s journey through Parliament – find out what happens at each stage.

Bills before Parliament

Browse a list of all Bills currently before Parliament and keep up to date with their progress. Also find amendment papers and other Bill documents, and sign up to an email alert or use our RSS feeds.

Related information

Further information can be found through the House of Commons Information Office Factsheet


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