Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 6019

Regional and National Economic Indicators
Published Thursday, January 14, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06924
Data summarising the economic situation in the regions and countries of the UK
Personal service companies : recent debate
Published Thursday, January 14, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05976
The 'IR35' rules to prevent the exploitation of personal service companies for tax avoidance were introduced in April 2000, following a long and contentious consultation exercise. This legislation remains unpopular among freelancers who use this corporate form to provide services. This note looks at recent debate on how these rules might be reformed and wider concerns about the use of employment intermediaries to avoid tax.
Litigants in person: the rise of the self-represented litigant in civil and family cases in England and Wales
Published Thursday, January 14, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN07113
The available evidence indicates that the proportion of litigants appearing before the civil and family courts in England and Wales without legal representation (litigants in person, also sometimes called self-represented litigants) has increased since the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 took many civil and private law children and family cases out of scope for legal aid from 1 April 2013. What does this mean, both for the litigants and for the courts?
Civil legal aid changes since 2013: the impact on people seeking help with legal problems
Published Thursday, January 14, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06645
Changes to civil legal aid have reduced spending, but whether they have increased costs elsewhere or added to the difficulties people may face in obtaining help with legal problems remains controversial.

Topics: Civil law, Legal aid

Winter floods 2015/16
Published Thursday, January 14, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7424
A House of Commons Library summary setting out the Government response to the winter floods 2015/16 in the north of England; calls for action from the opposition parties; and information for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Topic: Flooding

The new State Pension - transitional questions
Published Wednesday, January 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7414
Looks at gainers and losers from the new State Pension

Topic: Pensions

European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR)
Published Wednesday, January 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7465
This note brings together resources on the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) being introduced in the UK.
The UN Inquiry into the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in the UK
Published Wednesday, January 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7367
The UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is conducting an inquiry into the impact of the UK Government's policies on people with disabilities in relation to their human rights obligations. This briefing paper provides information on the Committee, details of the inquiry and an overview of the Government's policies in relation to people with disabilities.
House of Lords Reform
Published Wednesday, January 13, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0012
This House of Commons Library Debate Pack has been produced for the debate on House of Lords Reform taking place on Thursday 14 January 2016 in the Main Chamber. The Member in charge of the debate is John Martin Docherty. The subject of the debate was determined by the Backbench Business Committee.
Household Debt: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, January 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02885
Household debt: Data on the latest household debt statistics, including net lending, mortgage interest rates and insolvencies.
Debate Pack: UK space policy
Published Wednesday, January 13, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0010
This pack has been produced ahead of the debate on space policy to be held on the Commons Chamber on Thursday 14 January 2016. The topic for this debate was chosen by the Backbench Business Committee. The motion is : That this House notes the scientific, cultural and technological opportunities arising from exploration of outer space and the significant contribution the space industry makes to the UK economy; further notes the increased public interest in space exploration resulting from Major Tim Peake’s mission to the International Space Station (ISS); welcomes the global co-operation that has led to the development of the ISS over the last forty years; takes note of the shortlist of airports and aerodromes that could host a UK spaceport published by the UK Government in March 2015; and calls on the Government to bring forward further advice and support for organisations considering developing such facilities so that they might be operational by the Government’s target date of 2018.
Outer space
Published Wednesday, January 13, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7464
The UK’s space sector is worth an estimated £11.8 billion to the economy. A recently published National Space Policy endorses industry’s aspirations to build on this success, capturing 10% of the global market by 2030.

Topic: Science

Manufacturing: Key Economic Indicators
Published Tuesday, January 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05206
Manufacturing: Data on maufacturing jobs, output and producer confidence.
Prisoners' voting rights: developments since May 2015
Published Tuesday, January 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7461
This House of Commons Briefing Paper analyses the debate over the voting rights of prisoners since May 2015, it also includes a concise summary of the main developments before May 2015.
Social care: the state of the care home market (England)
Published Tuesday, January 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7463
The state of the care home market in England is explored in this note, including the market structure, current issues facings it, the Spending Review and provisional local authority funding settlement, and the role of local authorities and the Care Quality Commission in the market.
Enterprise Zones
Published Tuesday, January 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05942
The Government has announced the location of 44 Enterprise Zones in England. Businesses in these small areas will benefit from tax and planning concessions and superfast broadband.
Hand hygiene in the NHS
Published Tuesday, January 12, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0004
On Wednesday 13 January there will be a debate in Westminster Hall on the motion, That this House has considered hand hygiene in the NHS. Nigel Mills will open the debate. This page provides relevant background material including statistics, press articles and releases and parliamentary questions.
The 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review
Published Tuesday, January 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7462
This Commons Library briefing paper examines how the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review will affect the armed forces.
Air passenger duty : recent debates & reform
Published Tuesday, January 12, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05094
This note looks at the recent debate on taxing aviation, in the context of concerns about the structure of air passenger duty, the rates of tax, and the Coalition Government's reform of the tax in the 2014 Budget. The development of APD since its introduction is set out in two other Library notes (SN413 & SN6426).

Topics: Aviation, Taxation

Effect of the roll-out of Universal Credit in the North West
Published Tuesday, January 12, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0008
There will be a debate entitled, Effect of the roll-out of Universal Credit in the North West, in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 13 January 2016 at 9.30am. Marie Rimmer MP will lead the debate. This page provides a background briefing.

Displaying 21-40 out of 6019

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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