Divorce

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on divorce. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Standard Notes

DateDescription
27.10.2014Child arrangements orders: residence and contact related matters for parents, grandparents and others after separation
Child arrangements orders were introduced by the Children and Families Act 2014 on 22 April 2014 to replace the previous framework of contact and residence orders. Child arrangement orders are court orders regulating the living and contact arrangements in relation to a child following parental separation.
08.09.2014Financial provision on the breakdown of a relationship
On the breakdown of a marriage or civil partnership, a couple may agree between themselves how to divide their assets and income. This may be embodied in a consent order approved by the court. When agreement is not possible, the court may decide an application for financial provision. In such cases, the court is required by statute to have regard to 'all the circumstances of the case, first consideration being given to the welfare while a minor of any child of the family who has not attained the age of eighteen'.
02.06.2014Children: Enforcement of child arrangements orders relating to contact
This note outlines the powers of enforcement available to the courts when a parent does not comply with a child arrangements order regulating contact.
12.02.2013Divorce: Repeal of Family Law Act 1996 Part II
Part 2 of the Family Law Act 1996, most of which has never been brought into force, would have introduced 'no fault divorces' and required the parties to a divorce to attend 'information meetings' with a view to encouraging reconciliation where possible. A series of information meeting pilot schemes was launched in June 1997 following which Lord Irvine of Lairg, who was then Lord Chancellor, announced, in January 2001, that the Government would invite Parliament to repeal Part 2 once a suitable legislative opportunity occurred. He confirmed that this decision would not affect section 22, in Part 2, relating to the funding of marriage support services, which had been brought into force and would remain so.
06.02.2012Pension sharing on divorce
This note looks at the introduction of provisions allowing pension sharing on divorce or dissolution of a civil partnership and at some recent changes to the rules.

Research Papers

DateDescription
31.05.2013Children and Families Bill Committee Stage Report
The Children and Families Bill introduces a wide range of legislation concerning adoption and children in care, aspects of family justice law, special educational needs, the Office of the Children's Commissioner for England, child care, statutory rights to leave and pay for parents and adopters, time off work for ante-natal care, and the right to request flexible working. This paper complements Research Paper 13/11 prepared for the Commons Second Reading.
15.02.2013Children and Families Bill
The Children and Families Bill introduces a wide range of legislation concerning adoption and children in care, aspects of family justice law, special educational needs, the Office of the Children's Commissioner for England, child care, statutory rights to leave and pay for parents and adopters, time off work for ante-natal care, and the right to request flexible working. This paper has been prepared for the Second Reading of the Bill.
19.02.1999Welfare Reform and Pensions Bill (Bill 44 of 1998/99)
Welfare Reform and Pensions Bill (Bill 44 of 1998/99). House of Commons Library Research Paper 99/19.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
28.06.2013Children and Families Bill (HL Bill 32 of 2013-14)
This Library Note provides information on the Children and Families Bill, which is due for second reading in the House of Lords on 2 July 2013. The Bill covers several areas, including: adoption and children in care; the family justice system; children and young people with special educational needs; the Office of the Children's Commissioner for England; rights to leave and pay for parents; the right to request flexible working; and early years education and child care.

Glossary

  • Research Papers (RP) - briefings produced by the House of Commons Library on Bills, topical issues and regular statistics
  • Standard Notes (SN) - shorter, topical briefings from the Commons Library
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POST Notes - short briefing notes produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - papers compiled by the House of Lords Library on Bills and for debates in the Lords
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses