Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 81-100 out of 5590

  • Standardised packaging of tobacco products Published 22 January 2015 | Standard notes SN06175 This note gives an overview of the debate over standardised packaging. As such, it is not a comprehensive account of the different arguments used by those who support its use, and those who oppose it. Much more detail on these arguments is given in the Government’s summary report to its public consultation. Similarly, this note does not seek to evaluate the different views that have been expressed as to the impact that standardised packaging might have on public health, the incidence of smuggling, and the compliance costs to business. Topic: Consumers, Health education and preventive medicine, Smoking
  • Unemployment - National: key economic indicators Published 22 January 2015 | Standard notes SN02797 Unemployment - National: Data on International Labour Organisation unemployment, the headline measure of unemployment in the UK. Topic: Unemployment
  • Work Programme: background and statistics Published 22 January 2015 | Standard notes SN06340 The Work Programme is the Government's main welfare-to-work scheme, designed to tackle long-term unemployment. Topic: Employment, Employment schemes, Unemployment
  • Employment: key economic indicators Published 22 January 2015 | Standard notes SN02796 Amended 26 January 2015 Employment: data on employment in the UK. Topic: Economic situation, Employment
  • Public Finances Published 22 January 2015 | Standard notes SN02812 Public sector net borrowing in the first three quarters of 2014/15 was 0.1% lower than in the same period of 2013/14. Topic: Economic situation, Public expenditure
  • Compulsory liquidation of a company Published 21 January 2015 | Standard notes SN04937 This note outlines the compulsory liquidation process. Separate Library note SN/HA/4915 deals with administration. Topic: Insolvency
  • Forced marriage Published 21 January 2015 | Standard notes SN01003 The Anti-social Behaviour Crime and Policing Act 2014 has criminalised both forced marriage and breach of a Forced Marriage Protection Order. This note gives background. Topic: Crimes of violence, Marriage, Registration of births, deaths and marriages
  • Average Earnings: Economic Indicators page Published 21 January 2015 | Standard notes SN02795 Average Earnings: Regularly updated data on average weekly earnings, including breakdowns by public and private sectors and manufacturing and service sectors. Topic: Economic situation, Pay
  • Roads: Strategic Road Network (SRN) Published 21 January 2015 | Standard notes SN01448 Amended 28 January 2015 This note provides information about the construction, enlargement, management and maintenance of the Strategic Road Network (SRN) in England. Trunk roads in Wales and Scotland are managed by the Welsh Government and Transport Scotland, respectively and are not covered herein. Topic: Roads
  • Unemployment by Constituency, January 2015 Published 21 January 2015 | Research papers RP15/4 Labour market figures for parliamentary constituencies published in January 2015, and a summary of the latest national and regional statistics on employment, unemployment , vacancies and earnings Topic: Economic situation, Employment, Unemployment
  • Political crisis in Bangladesh: January 2015 update Published 21 January 2015 | Standard notes SN06696 Amended 03 February 2015 The political scene in Bangladesh remains as turbulent as ever. Flawed elections in January 2014 were boycotted by the main opposition parties, leaving the field clear for the ruling Awami League, led by Sheikh Hasina. There has been renewed protest action on the streets to mark the first anniversary of the elections, which has led to increased violence and at least ten deaths. Opposition leader Khaleda Zia was detained in her office for over two weeks by the authorities and faces trial for corruption. This briefing provides an overview of developments in the country since the 2014 elections. Topic: Asia, Elections, Human rights, International politics and government
  • The Administration of the House of Commons Published 21 January 2015 | Standard notes SN06976 On 22 January 2015 the House will debate the report of the House of Governance Committee. This note provides background to the debate and detail on how the House of Commons is governed, managed and structured. Topic: House of Commons
  • Youth unemployment statistics Published 21 January 2015 | Standard notes SN05871 764,000 young people aged 16-24 were unemployed in September to November 2014, up 30,000 on the previous quarter and down 171,000 on the previous year. Topic: Unemployment
  • Insurance Bill [HL] Published 20 January 2015 | Research papers RP15/3 Amended 21 January 2015 This is latest in a series of technical legislative measures with the broad remit of updating insurance statute law. Topic: Financial services
  • Phoenix trading Published 20 January 2015 | Standard notes SN04083 This note looks in detail at the legality of phoenix trading and at the personal liability of directors to the creditors of an insolvent company. It also looks at new provisions contained in the Small Business Enterprise and Employment Bill, which is currently progressing through Parliament. Topic: Companies, Insolvency, Regulation
  • Land Registry: (A) proposed changes to the commercial model; and (B) Infrastructure Bill Published 20 January 2015 | Standard notes SN06885 This note concerns HM Land Registry: section A considers the Government's proposals to change its commercial model from a Trading Fund, and section B provides a brief summary of the relevant proposals in the Infrastructure Bill currently before Parliament and a summary of proceedings during the Second Reading debate and at Committee Stage. Topic: Land law
  • Pre-pack administration procedure Published 20 January 2015 | Standard notes SN05035 This note looks in detail at how pre-pack administrations work in practice under SIP 16, the ‘pros and cons’ of the procedure, and the recommendations of the Graham Review. Separate Library notes SN/HA/4937 and SN/HA/4915 provide detailed information on compulsory insolvency and general administration respectively. Topic: Insolvency
  • Economic Indicators, January 2015 Published 20 January 2015 | Research papers RP15/1 This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation
  • ‘Access to Work’ scheme for people with disabilities Published 20 January 2015 | Standard notes SN06666 Access to Work provides practical advice and support to disabled people and their employers to help them overcome work-related obstacles resulting from disability. Topic: Employment schemes
  • Infrastructure Bill: Planning Provisions Published 20 January 2015 | Standard notes SN06909 The Infrastructure Bill 2014-15 would make changes to the planning system: to change the process of development consent for nationally significant infrastructure projects, and to allow certain types of planning conditions to be regarded as discharged if a local planning authority took too long to determine an official application to discharge them. This note sets out these provisions and comment on them in more detail. Topic: Planning

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