Terrorism

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on terrorism. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Standard Notes

DateDescription
05.02.2015Counter-Terrorism and Security Bill 2014-15: Parliamentary stages
This Bill is awaiting report and third reading in the Lords on9 February 2015. This Note examines parliamentary scrutiny of the Bill so far. There have been a number of Government amendments detailed in the Note.
30.01.2015Deprivation of British citizenship and withdrawal of passport facilities
In recent years there has been an increasing use of powers to deprive people of their British citizenship and withdraw British passport facilities, particularly in respect of those who may be involved in fighting, extremist activity or terrorist training overseas.
29.01.2015India-Pakistan relations: January 2015 update
India-Pakistan relations remain fraught with danger and mistrust. Since October 2014, there have been regular exchanges of fire between their troops across the 'Line of Control' which runs through contested Kashmir. Turbulent times could lie ahead.The two nuclear-armed governments accuse each other of responsibility for these skirmishes. The tenor of their exchanges has become increasingly hostile. There are also Indian claims that militant groups based on the Pakistan side of the Line of Control are seeking to infiltrate Indian-administered Kashmir in larger numbers. Over recent months, there have been several battles between militants and security forces. Hopes that India and Pakistan could resume talks in earnest following the electoral victory of Narendra Modi in India last year have not yet been realised. He is currently acting like a man for whom a deal with Pakistan is desirable but not essential. His self-confidence may soon receive another boost. Political developments within Indian Jammu and Kashmir could produce a coalition government involving his party, the BJP - an outcome which few observers would have predicted until very recently. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's government is keen to do a deal with India on Kashmir and other issues but cannot afford to look weak. He will be hoping that the PDP decides against joining up with the BJP in Indian Jammu and Kashmir. The more moderate Kashmiri separatist leaders will share the dismay of the Pakistan government if it does. However, the armed militant groups - whose influence and reach have waned in recent years - are likely to be delighted if the BJP shares power, as increased political polarisation could act as a recruiting-sergeant for them. Pakistan's anxieties about the increasingly close US-India relationship have heightened recently. President Obama recently finished a three-day visit to India in which numerous deals were signed.
18.12.2014In Brief: Progress against ISIS December 2014
A brief summary of the progress of the military campaign against ISIS in Iraq and Syria.
08.12.2014ISIS: the military response in Iraq and Syria
UK air strikes against ISIS in Iraq, who else is involved and the debate about 'boots on the ground'.

Research Papers

DateDescription
19.01.2015Nigeria 2015: analysis of election issues and future prospects
This paper looks at the multiple challenges facing Nigeria as it prepares for presidential and legislative elections on 14 February 2015. These elections will take place amidst an atmosphere of even greater crisis and uncertainty than usual. Boko Haram's insurgency in the north of the country continues unabated. There are fears that the country might break up if the election aftermath is poorly handled. However, some observers remain remarkably hopeful about Nigeria's future, predicting that its enormous economic potential is on the verge of being realised at last.
18.12.2014Serious Crime Bill
This Bill would make changes aimed to strengthen the law on the recovery of the proceeds of crime. It would make amendments to the Computer Misuse Act 1990 to update existing offences. It would also provide for a new offence of participating in the activities of an organised crime group and make changes to Serious Crime Prevention Orders and gang injunctions. The Bill would provide for the seizure and forfeiture of substances used as drug-cutting agents. It would also amend the offence of child cruelty, create a new offence relating to the possession of 'paedophile manuals' and amend the law on Female Genital Mutilation. The Bill would create a new offence of unauthorised possession of a knife or other offensive weapon in prison and confer extra-territorial jurisdiction on the courts in respect of certain terrorism offences.
28.11.2014Counter-Terrorism and Security Bill
The Bill has seven parts, designed to reduce the terrorism threat to the UK. It would strengthen powers to put temporary restrictions on travel and modify the Terrorist Prevention and Investigation Measures. It would extend the retention of relevant communications data, strengthen security for travel arrangements and make the existing Prevent programme statutory as well as address the payment of insurance for ransoms.
19.03.2014Prospects for Afghanistan as ISAF withdrawal approaches
2014 is a pivotal year for Afghanistan, with a crucial presidential election in April and the end of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) combat mission in December. Security overall is deteriorating in Afghanistan and although the Afghan National Security Forces are taking the lead, questions remain about their effectiveness and the government's dependence on international help to pay for them. It is unclear whether there will be any Western military presence after 2014. Negotiations with the Taliban do not seem to offer much hope.
24.01.2014Counter- terrorism Bill Committee Stage Report
This paper has been published for the Report Stage debate on the Counter-Terrorism Bill . The bill is wide-ranging but the most contentious provisions relate to pre-charge detention, post charge questioning and inquests and inquiries.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
14.11.2011Draft Detention of Terrorist Suspects (Temporary Extension) Bills.
Government response. Home Office report [Commons and Lords]
01.10.2011Legislative scrutiny: Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures Bill - government response to the...
Government response. Home Office report [Commons]
14.09.2011Constitution Select Committee (HL) nineteenth report on the Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures...
Constitution Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
06.09.2011Terrorism Act 2000 (Remedial) Order 2011: stop and search without reasonable suspicion (second report)....
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
07.06.2011Terrorism Act 2000 (Remedial) Order 2011: Stop and Search without Reasonable Suspicion.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
07.11.2011GUNPOWDER PLOT
That this House believes that the foiling of the Gunpowder Plot should be properly commemorated and that the significance of 5 November should be remembered; recognises the importance ...
12.10.2011ENDING COMPENSATION FOR THOSE CONVICTED OF INVOLVEMENT IN TERRORIST ACTIVITY
That this House notes with great concern the recent High Court judgement in Belfast where compensation was awarded to a man convicted of involvement in terrorist activities; and urgently ...
07.09.2011NEW DELHI BOMBING
That this House condemns the perpetrators of the bomb blast in New Delhi on 7 September 2011; sends its condolences to the families of the 11 people that were killed and the many others ...
13.07.2011BOMBINGS IN MUMBAI
That this House expresses its shock andrevulsion at the terrorist attacks on the Zaveri Bazaar, Dadar and the Opera House in Mumbai; is deeply saddened by the loss of life and suffering ...
14.06.2011COMPENSATION FOR UK VICTIMS OF OVERSEAS TERRORISM
That this House notes the continuing risks to British citizens abroad from terrorist attacks; further notes that the Government currently pays compensation to those affected by terrorism ...

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
25.06.2014Criminal Justice and Courts Bill (HL Bill 30 of 2014-15)
The Criminal Justice and Courts Bill contains a range of proposals across four areas: criminal justice; young offenders; courts and tribunals; and judicial review. This Library Note summarises the key debates that took place on the Bill at report stage and third reading in the House of Commons, highlighting amendments made to the Bill, and refers to some of the other issues raised by MPs.
11.03.2013Debate on 14 March: Afghanistan's Regional Relationships
Afghanistan lies at the heart of Central Asia. Since the invasion by Western-led forces in 2001, its relationships with its regional neighbours have been mixed: at times characterised by co-operation, at others by competing national interests. This Note explores those relationships in the context of Afghanistan's current security, political and economic situation, focusing particularly on key actors such as Pakistan and efforts to encourage dialogue and co-operation, and examines the potential impact of these regional dynamics on Afghanistan's future stability and prosperity.
14.06.2012Justice and Security Bill [HL] (HL Bill 27 of 2012-13)
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Justice and Security Bill on 19 June 2012.
03.11.2011Protection of Freedoms Bill (HL Bill 99 of 2010-12)
This Library Note provides background information in advance of the Protection of Freedoms Bill's second reading in the House of Lords.
19.09.2011Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures Bill (HL Bill 91 of 2010-12)
The Bill would replace the existing control orders regime with Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures, to restrict the activities of individuals suspected of involvement in terrorism. This Library Note provides background information in advance of the Bill's second reading in the House of Lords.

POST Papers

DateDescription
22.09.2011Cyber Security in the UK
Cyber security refers to defences against electronic attacks launched via computer systems. This POSTnote looks at approaches to cyber security in the context of large-scale attacks, with a focus on national infrastructure.
01.07.2009The dual-use dilemma, July 2009
This note examines three scientific areas posing a significant risk of misuse and considers how to tackle dual-use dilemmas in these and other areas.

Glossary

  • Research Papers (RP) - briefings produced by the House of Commons Library on Bills, topical issues and regular statistics
  • Standard Notes (SN) - shorter, topical briefings from the Commons Library
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POST Notes - short briefing notes produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - papers compiled by the House of Lords Library on Bills and for debates in the Lords
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses