What MPs do

The UK public elects Members of Parliament (MPs) to represent their interests and concerns in the House of Commons. MPs are involved in considering and proposing new laws, and can use their position to ask government ministers questions about current issues.

MPs split their time between working in Parliament itself, working in the constituency that elected them and working for their political party.

Some MPs from the governing party (or parties) become government ministers with specific responsibilities in certain areas, such as Health or Defence.

Working in Parliament

When Parliament is sitting (meeting), MPs generally spend their time working in the House of Commons. This can include raising issues affecting their constituents, attending debates and voting on new laws.

Most MPs are also members of committees, which look at issues in detail, from government policy and new laws, to wider topics like human rights.

Working in their constituency

In their constituency, MPs often hold a 'surgery' in their office, where local people can come along to discuss any matters that concern them.

MPs also attend functions, visit schools and businesses and generally try to meet as many people as possible. This gives MPs further insight and context into issues they may discuss when they return to Westminster.

Find Your MP

Related information

House of Commons Information Office

Contact details

Telephone enquiry service is open between 10am-12 midday and 2pm-4pm (Monday to Friday).

The telephone enquiry service will be closed from Monday 22 December 2014 until Friday 2 January 2015 inclusive, but we will be answering email enquiries during that period.


The HCIO produces a number of publications that include:

House of Commons on Twitter

Follow @HouseofCommons for updates on the UK House of Commons Chamber.

Related information


The UK is divided into 650 different regions called constituencies where the public elect candidates to be their MP. A 'constituent' is the name given to every person who lives within or is eligible to vote in a constituency.

Code of Conduct

The Code of Conduct helps MPs understand their responsibilities to Parliament and the public. In addition to guidance, the Code also requires all Members to declare outside interest, like paid work or gifts.

House of Commons Chamber Film - Committees

Westminster is the second Chamber of the House of Commons which holds debate on national and local issues

House of Commons Chamber Film - Working for You

Find out more about how you can contact your MP, visit Parliament while it is in session or watch it online in this short chapter