Higher education

All Standard Notes
36 Documents
13.11.2014The reformed system for children and young people with Special Educational Needs in England
An introduction to the reformed system for children and young people with Special Educational Needs (SEN), being introduced from September 2014
31.10.2014HE in England from 2012: Student numbers
New students starting higher education in England in 2012 faced higher tuition fees, potentially higher loan interest rates and longer loan durations. The Government has also introducing a new 'core and margin' model which introduces an element of competition into the allocation of student numbers between institutions. The impact of these changes on potential students and student numbers is seen as one key test of the success of the Government's reforms to higher education in England. The number of new fell in 2012 as it did when fees were first introduced and then raised in the past. Any long term change to student numbers would also have important implications for the financial health of the higher education sector and the UK economy.
31.10.2014HE in England from 2012: Funding and finance
The Government raised the cap on tuition fees for new student to 9,000 in 2012/13 and cut most ongoing direct public funding for tuition in England. This shifted the balance of higher education funding further away from the state and further towards the individual who benefits. Students can take out publicly subsided student loans to pay these higher fees. There is uncertainty about the final size of this subsidy and the Government's estimate of it has increased considerably since the reforms were first announced. This also affects the size of any saving in public expenditure and the extent of the shift in costs from the state to the individual beneficiary.
28.10.2014Student loan statistics
Student loans are the main method of direct government support for higher education students. Money is loaned to students at a subsidised rate to help towards their maintenance costs and to cover the cost of tuition fees. Currently more than 10 billion is loaned to students each year. This is expected to grow rapidly over the new few years and the Government expects the value of outstanding loans to reach over 100 billion (2014 15 prices) in 2018 and continue to increase in real terms to around 330 billion (2014 15 prices) by the middle of this century.
17.10.2014Education expenditure: Social Indicators page
Updated to include spending figures published in Public Expenditure Statistical Analysis 2014
01.09.2014Participation in higher education: Social Indicators page
Trends in participation including new figures for 2012/13
13.08.2014Expansion of private higher education provision in England
This note gives an overview of the growth in the private higher education sector since 2011; it discusses the controversy around the provision of student support for students at private higher education institutions and the introduction of student number controls at private institutions.
11.08.2014Applicants and entrants to higher education: Social Indicators page
Brief snapshot of recent changes in entrants to HE via UCAS
12.06.2014Changes to the Disabled Students' Allowance (DSA)
This note gives a brief overview of the Disabled Students' Allowance (DSA) and outlines proposed changes to the grant
09.06.2014Oxbridge 'elitism'
Interest in the background of students who go to Oxford and Cambridge is very longstanding. The 1852 Royal Commissions on both universities identified access by poorer students as an important and longstanding issue. The debate about elitism at Oxford and Cambridge has tended to focus on a single indicator -the proportion of students accepted from state schools- and particularly whether it has gone up or down in the latest year. This gives a limited view only. A fuller picture needs more context, including longer term trends in this indicator, rates of entry for other under-represented groups, data on other prestige universities and a better understanding of the types of state schools that send pupils to Oxbridge. Both universities now take more than half of their entrants from state schools, if overseas entrants are excluded. These rates are generally increasing, but the historical data shows that progress has been slow.
04.06.2014Home student criteria for HE student support in England
The purpose of this note it to outline the criteria used for the classification of students as home or overseas students for higher education student support.
24.03.2014The value of student maintenance support
Maintenance grants, maintenance loans levels and income thresholds were all frozen in England at 2009/10 levels in 2010/11 and 2011/12. 2012/13 saw maximum grant levels for new students from England increased by 12%, maximum loan levels by 11%, changes to income thresholds and fee loans were extended to part-time students. Those starting in 2012 were the first to come under the new funding arrangements and were liable for tuition fees of up to 9,000 per year. The maximum grant increased by 3.2% in 2013/14, it will be 1% higher in 2014/15 and frozen in 2015/16. Maintenance loans were frozen in 2013 and the maximum will increase by 1% in 2014/15. Income thresholds have been frozen in both 2012/13 and 2014/15.
14.03.2014Higher education finance statistics
After many years of increased income, expenditure, more staff and students, the higher education sector in England especially is faced with a fall in income from the public sector, falling numbers students, particularly those studying part-time and much less certainty about the future make-up and nature of the sector as a whole. This has meant that the future public/private funding mix, size and role of the sector are the focus of more attention than at any time in the recent past.
06.02.2014Constituency casework toolkit: Student Support
The purpose of this note is to provide Members, their assistants and constituency caseworkers with a framework to help them answer constituents' enquiries on student support issues.
16.01.2014Sale of student loans
21.10.2013Entrants to higher education
The number of students applying to university through UCAS has increased for many years. The main exceptions were when tuition fees were introduced (1998), 'variable' fees meant they were increased (2006) and when the cap on fees was lifted to 9,000 in England in 2012. In 2012 the number of applicants fell by around 47,000 (6.6%) and the number of acceptances by around 27,000 (5.5%). There were larger percentage falls among students who will be liable for higher fees; and the largest drop among older applicants (who could avoid higher fees by starting earlier) and students from the EU (who could avoid higher fees by studying elsewhere). Applications up to the end of June 2013 were 3.1% higher than in 2012. Acceptances to mid-September were 9% up.
15.08.2013Initial training for school teachers in England
12.07.2013Tuition fee statistics
This note gives a brief summary of statistics on aggregate tuition fee liability/payment under the current system, the impact on student numbers, payment by student characteristics and the contribution of tuition fees to higher education funding. Most statistics cover England and Wales, although data on variable fees is for England only. Some international data is also included.
09.05.2013Regulation of the higher education sector in England
05.12.2012Funding for medical students in England in 2012/13
28.11.2012Education: Historical statistics
The organisation of every stage of education has undergone significant change over the last century. These changes have fundamentally altered most aspects of education. Historical indicators are therefore particularly interesting, but also problematic. Very few series are consistent over more than a few decades. The definition/size of different stages of education (primary, secondary, further/higher), school leaving ages and examinations have changed markedly as have state organisation and funding. As key concepts in education change so do the types of statistics collected. The increased role of the state in the first half of the 20th century also widened the scope of official education statistics.
26.07.2012Education spending in the UK
Levels of public spending on education in the UK reached new record levels in real terms in each year between 1996-97 and 2010-11, before falling back slightly in 2011-12. Spending as a proportion of GDP in 2010-11 was the highest since the mid-1970s. Public expenditure on education as a proportion of GDP is still below the level in some EU countries and total (public and private) spending was below the OECD average in 2008.
29.03.2012Postgraduate students
22.03.2012University tuition fees and student support across Europe
08.02.2012Higher education student support across the UK regions from September 2012
06.02.2012Changes to higher education funding and student support from 2012/13
The Government has raised the cap on tuition fees to £9,000, cut most ongoing direct public funding for tuition and will change various loan repayment terms. The proposed new system will apply to new students in England from 2012/13. The first indication is that net average fees will be around 8,070 in 2012/13. The Higher Education White Paper has set out broad proposals for further reform of the sector.
08.12.2011Private higher education provision
08.12.2010The Government's proposals on higher education funding and student support and their impact on access to higher education
29.10.2010The Browne Review of Higher Education Funding and Student Finance
The purpose of this note is to provide an overview of the report of the Independent Review of Higher Education Funding and Student Finance (the Browne Review). The note highlights the report's proposals and includes analysis and responses to the report. This note follows on from two earlier notes on this topic: SN/SP/5695 Reform of higher education funding in England and SN/SP/4917 Review of higher education tuition fees.
08.10.2010Reform of higher education funding in England
The purpose of this note is to provide an overview of higher education funding in England and to highlight current debate on the wider issues of the funding and structure of higher education. On the 9th November 2009 the Independent Review of Higher Education Funding and Student Finance was launched under the chairmanship of Lord Browne. The primary task of the review is to make recommendations on the future of fees policy and financial support for full and part-time students, the review is due to publish a report in October 2010. This note flags up some of the issues possibly being considered by the Browne Review.
23.07.2010Immigration: international students and Tier 4 of the points-based system
18.06.2010Higher education and social class
The evidence, as far as it goes, suggests that over the latter half of the 20th century there was little change in the proportion of university students from lower social classes. Their participation in higher education increased, but so did participation from all social classes and the gap that was apparent in the middle of the last century was broadly maintained to the end. Even the rapid expansion of higher education in the early 1990s had little impact on this. There now exists a wide range of indicators of disadvantage and looking across these over the past five years or so there is some evidence that this gap has started to close. Students from disadvantaged backgrounds have increased their participation in higher education at a faster absolute rate than those from more advantaged backgrounds. However, the gaps in participation remain very large and the rate of change is slow.
28.01.2010Graduate Internships
07.01.2010Sources of historical statistics
Details of online sources of historical statistics across all subject areas other than the economy. These sources are either long-term time series or snapshots of a range of data from a specific point in the past.They allow comparisons between the present day and the start of data collection and any intervening period and give an understanding of patterns -have trends been smooth, random, cyclical etc? Snapshots cover a wider range of data and help us make more general comparisons between 'then' and 'now'. Most of the series go back to around the 1920s or earlier. . This note does not include links to economic data or anything to do with family history.
07.01.2010Sources of social statistics: Education
Summary of online sources of education statistics
05.05.2009Student debt statistics
Updated with results from the 2007/08 student income and expenditure survey -the first large scale survey to look at the impact of variable fees and other changes since 2006/07
All Research Papers
9 Documents
03.09.2014Social Indicators
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.
05.05.2011Education Bill: Committee Stage Report
This is an account of the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Education Bill. It complements Research Paper 11/14, prepared for the Commons Second Reading debate, which examines the range of matters covered by the Bill. As originally presented, the Bill sought to make provision relating to the National Assembly for Wales' framework powers. However, these clauses were removed from the Bill following the 'yes' vote in the Welsh Devolution Referendum. A Government amendment to clause 13 (reporting restrictions on alleged offences by teachers) was agreed to without a vote. This inserted new schedule 11B into the Education Act 2002, and was introduced to secure compliance with a European Electronic Commerce Directive. Several minor and technical Government amendments were also made to the Bill. The Opposition tabled many amendments, a considerable number of which were pressed to a division, but none was successful.
07.02.2011Education Bill [Bill 137 of 2010-11]
This paper has been written for the House of Commons Second Reading debate on the Education Bill [Bill 137] on 8 February 2011. The Bill seeks to implement the legislative proposals in the Department for Education's schools White Paper, 'The Importance of Teaching', and measures from the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills relating to skills and the reform of higher education funding. It is therefore a very wide-ranging Bill.
18.12.2007Sale of Student Loans Bill Committee Stage Report, Bill 13 of 2007-08
Sale of Student Loans Bill Committee Stage Report. (Bill 13 of 2007-08). House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/92.
15.11.2007Sale of Student Loans Bill, Bill 6 of 2007/08.
Sale of Student Loans Bill. (Bill 6 of 2007/08). House of commons Library Research Paper 07/78.
21.01.2004Higher Education Bill (Bill 35 2003/04)
Higher Education Bill. (Bill 35 of 2003/04). House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/08.
06.05.2003Social indicators
Social indicators. (Includes article on Higher education applications and topical subject pages on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and London congestion charge). House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/40.
13.03.1998The Teaching and Higher Education Bill (HL) 1997/98: the teaching profession
The Teaching and Higher Education Bill (HL) (Bill 145 1997/98): the teaching profession. House of Commons Library Research Paper 98/34.
12.03.1998The Teaching and Higher Education Bill (HL) 1997/98: financial provisions for higher and further education
The Teaching and Higher Education Bill (HL) (Bill 145 1997/98): financial provision for higher and further education. House of Commons Library Research Paper 98/33.
All Select Committee Reports
12 Select Committee Reports
13.03.2012Modernisation of higher education in Europe.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
20.10.2011Student visas follow-up report.
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
18.07.2011Student visas follow-up report.
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
11.05.2011Regulating financial sustainability in higher education.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
15.03.2011Student visas.
Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
10.12.2009Bogus colleges.
Government response. Home Office report [Commons]
14.10.2009Students and universities.
Government response. Department for Business, Innovation and Skills; Science and Technology Select Committee report [Commons]
20.07.2009Students and universities.
Innovation, Universities, Science and Skills Select Committee report [Commons]
14.07.2009Bogus colleges.
Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
24.03.2009The provision of cross-border public services for Wales: further and higher education.
Government response. Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills; Welsh Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
02.02.2009Widening participation in higher education.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
16.12.2008Cross-border provision of public services for Wales: further and higher education.
Welsh Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]