Children's social services

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on children's social services and child protection issues. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs. For financial support for children, see child support.

Standard Notes

06.11.2014Youth services: support under the Coalition Government
This note provides a brief overview of youth services policy under the Coalition Government. It includes information on funding for youth services.
29.10.2014Inter-racial adoption
This note provides information on the current law and policy on inter-racial adoption.
27.10.2014Child arrangements orders: residence and contact related matters for parents, grandparents and others after separation
Child arrangements orders were introduced by the Children and Families Act 2014 on 22 April 2014 to replace the previous framework of contact and residence orders. Child arrangement orders are court orders regulating the living and contact arrangements in relation to a child following parental separation.
09.10.2014Past adoption practices and the disclosure of adoption information
This note provides a brief history of adoption legislation, including on forced adoption practices, and the subsequent reform of the law to allow adopted children, birth parents and others to establish contact.
13.08.2014Children in care in England: statistics
Children in care in England: statistics. SN/SG/4470 By Rachael Harker

Research Papers

11.12.2013Care Bill [HL]
The Care Bill would consolidate existing legislation for adult social care in England into a single framework, and introduce reforms to the way care and support is accessed and funded. It also includes reforms to the regulation of health services and care standards.
30.08.2011Health and Social Care (Re-committed) Bill: the NHS Future Forum and the Committee Stage Report
On 21 June 2011 the House agreed a motion re-committing certain clauses of the Health and Social Care Bill to the Public Bill Committee that had previously considered the Bill. The Committee met between 28 June and 14 July 2011 and agreed a number of Government amendments, introduced in response to the recommendations the 'NHS Future Forum'. Key changes are intended to clarify the Secretary of State for Health's overall responsibility for the NHS, to ensure good governance for the new groups that will be responsible for commissioning NHS-funded services, to strengthen duties to involve the public and health professionals in decision making, and to amend duties in relation to the role of competition and integration in the health service. The Bill is due to have its Report stage and Third Reading on 6 and 7 September 2011.
06.04.2011Health and Social Care Bill: Committee Stage Report.
The Health and Social Care Bill had its Second Reading in the Commons on 31 January 2011. The Bill was considered in Public Bill Committee in 28 sittings, between 8 February and 31 March 2011. A large number of Government amendments were made, mainly minor and technical changes, although significant alterations were made to clauses 103 and 104 in Part 3 of the Bill, to prevent competition on price. No Opposition amendments were agreed. This Paper summarises the Commons Second Reading debate and Committee stages and supplements the House of Commons Library Research Paper Health and Social Care Bill (RP 11/11), which was produced for the Bill's Second Reading.
27.01.2011Health and Social Care Bill
This briefing on the Health and Social Care Bill has been prepared for the Second Reading debate on the Bill in the House of Commons on 31 January 2011. The Bill is intended to give effect to the reforms requiring primary legislation that were proposed in the NHS White Paper Equity and excellence: Liberating the NHS. This White Paper set out the Government's aims to reduce central control of the NHS, to engage doctors in the commissioning of health services, and to give patients greater choice.
15.02.2010Children, Schools and Families Bill: Committee Stage Report Bill No 8 of 2009-10
This is an account of the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Children, Schools and Families Bill. The Bill contained a clause on the charitable status of academies, but the Government decided it could achieve its objectives by non-legislative means, and at the end of the Committee Stage the clause was removed. No other changes were made to the Bill in Committee. There were many amendments proposed by the opposition parties but none was successful.

Select Committee Reports

30.03.2011Looked-after children.
Government response. Department for Education; Education Select Committee report [Commons]
03.03.2010Training of Children and Families Social Workers.
Government response. Children Schools and Families Select Committee; Department for Children, Schools and Families report [Commons]
20.07.2009Training of childen and families social workers.
Children Schools and Families Select Committee report [Commons]
24.06.2009Looked-after children.
Government response. Department for Children, Schools and Families; Children Schools and Families Select Committee report [Commons]
09.03.2009Looked-after children.
Children Schools and Families Select Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

That this House notes with concern plans by Wokingham Borough Council to review the future of Fosters Care Home; further notes that Fosters Care Home is included in a list of council ...
<p>That this House congratulates Lancashire County Council's scrutiny committee on its report into the problems of cross boundary placements entitled Who Cares; notes that of 64,000 ...
That this House is aware the Government has yet to commit itself to ending the practice of the physical punishment of children in the UK despite its human right obligations and progress ...
That this House regrets that the Family Justice Review resulted in a Family Justice Panel that was not representative; notes that the response to the final report from groups campaigning ...
That this House congratulates the organisers and members of the Revoe Junior Youth Club in Blackpool, who in their first year of existence have got over 60 young people involved and ...

Lords Library Notes

22.10.2012Debate on 25 October: Looked-after Children
This Library Note provides background reading for the debate on looked-after children on 25 October.

POST Papers

01.01.2010Pets, families and interagency working, January 2010
This POSTnote examines the evidence base for the assumption that organisations that work with animals should be included in the safeguarding children agenda, and the rationale for cross-reporting between different agencies.


  • Research Papers (RP) - briefings produced by the House of Commons Library on Bills, topical issues and regular statistics
  • Standard Notes (SN) - shorter, topical briefings from the Commons Library
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POST Notes - short briefing notes produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - papers compiled by the House of Lords Library on Bills and for debates in the Lords
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses