Fuel poverty

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on fuel poverty. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Standard Notes

DateDescription
11.09.2014Smart meters
Between now and 2020 more than 50 million new 'smart meters' will be rolled out to 30 million homes and smaller businesses in Britain. These are intended to allow consumers to see and adjust in real time what energy they are using. The Public Accounts Committee considers the challenges associated with roll-out 'huge'.
06.03.2014ECO, the Energy Company Obligation
The Energy Company Obligation (ECO) provides funding to improve energy efficiency in difficult to treat housing and the homes of 'those most in need'. This note explains this Government policy.
06.02.2014The Green Deal
The Green Deal went 'fully live' on 28 January 2013 in England and Wales and on 25 February 2013 in Scotland. This note explains the Government's policy.
27.01.2014Components of an energy bill
The latest round of energy price rises has brought increasing focus on the different elements that make up a domestic energy bill and particularly which are responsible for these price rises. This note describes the different component parts of a domestic energy bill and summarises existing estimates of the contribution of each part to current bills and contributions to past bill increases.
10.12.2013Help with energy bills
This note points towards sources of financial and practical help for constituents with domestic energy bills. It links to sources for more information. It also outlines policy developments and political commitments in this area.

Research Papers

DateDescription
12.03.2013Energy Bill: Committee Stage Report
This paper complements Library Research Paper 12/79 on the Energy Bill 2012-13. It covers the Bill's Second Reading and Committee Stages. The Bill seeks to implement electricity market reform and introduces 'contracts for difference' to support all forms of low carbon generation, including nuclear. Government amendments made during Committee Stage related to cheaper energy tariffs and setting a decarbonisation target.
13.12.2012Energy Bill
The Energy Bill [Bill 100 of 2012-13] seeks to implement 'electricity market reform' and through this achieve 'secure, clean and affordable' electricity supplies. The Bill was introduced to the Commons on 29 November 2012 and will have its Second Reading debate on 19 December 2012. A draft Bill was subject to pre-legislative scrutiny by the Energy and Climate Change Select Committee.
06.09.2011Energy Bill [HL]: Committee Stage Report
This is a report on the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Energy Bill. It complements Library Research Paper 11/36 (Energy Bill) prepared for the Commons Second Reading.
04.05.2011Energy Bill [HL]
This briefing on the Energy Bill has been prepared for the Second Reading Debate in the House of Commons. The flagship policy in the Bill is the 'Green Deal', a scheme whereby homes would be given finance upfront to make energy efficiency improvements, which would then be paid for by energy bill savings. The Bill would also set up a new obligation on energy companies to help certain groups of consumers with saving energy, who need extra support. The Bill also introduces a range of other measures designed to improve energy efficiency; such as facilitating the roll-out of smart meters, widening access to energy performance certificates and making information on energy bills clearer. The Bill also provides measures designed to help improve energy security, to encourage low carbon generation and to grant additional powers to the Coal Authority to charge for certain services.
03.12.2009Energy Bill. Bill 7 2009-10.
The Bill would introduce: a carbon capture and storage incentive to support the construction of up to four UK demonstration projects, to be chosen in a competition; mandatory social price support to lower energy bills (social tariffs) for the most vulnerable, which would replace the current voluntary agreement which expires in 2011. It would also add ensuring security of supply and protecting consumers to the objectives of the regulator, Ofgem; increase the regulator's powers to deal with exploitation of electricity distribution constraints by generators; and increase Ofgem's power to fine companies. It would give the Secretary of State the power to ban cross-subsidy between gas and electricity accounts.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
24.03.2010Fuel Poverty.
Energy and Climate Change Select Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
27.04.2011PRICE OF SOLID FUEL
That this House notes many people struggled with their fuel bills this winter; further notes that the cost of solid fuel is often overlooked; and calls on the Government to create a ...
15.03.2011FUEL PRICES AND DUTY
That this House recognises that people and businesses are being hit hard by high and rising fuel prices; notes that uncertain world events, speculation and recent value added tax changes ...
26.01.2011UTILITY CHARGES AND VULNERABLE GROUPS
That this House calls on utility providers such as BT and electricity companies to re-assess decisions taken several years ago to impose additional charges on customers who choose not ...
13.12.2010NATIONAL ENERGY ACTION CAMPAIGN
That this House is aware that today in the UK five and a half million households are deemed to be living in fuel poverty, a situation made considerably worse by rising fuel prices; ...
07.09.2010ENERGY SECURITY AND GREEN ECONOMY BILL
That this House is aware that poorly insulated and heated homes make people ill, cost a lot to heat and contribute to climate change emissions; recognises that today in Britain over ...

POST Papers

DateDescription
25.05.2012Assessing Energy Efficiency
This POSTnote examines definitions of energy efficiency, looks at methods to measure and verify achieved energy savings and summarises UK and EU polices to promote energy efficiency.

Glossary

  • Research Papers (RP) - briefings produced by the House of Commons Library on Bills, topical issues and regular statistics
  • Standard Notes (SN) - shorter, topical briefings from the Commons Library
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POST Notes - short briefing notes produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - papers compiled by the House of Lords Library on Bills and for debates in the Lords
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses