Immigration

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on immigration. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Standard Notes

DateDescription
07.11.2014People from abroad: what benefits can they claim?
This note gives a broad overview of the rules on access to benefits and tax credits for people coming to the UK from abroad. It describes the situation for asylum seekers, nationals from European Economic Area (EEA) countries, and non-EEA nationals.
05.11.2014Measures to limit migrants' access to benefits
Following an article by the Prime Minister's in the Financial Times on 27 November 2013 in which he said he shared concerns about the impact of lifting transitional restrictions on the right of Romanian and Bulgarian right to work in the UK from 1 January 2014, the Government has introduced a raft of measures 'to tighten up our EEA migration rules to ensure our welfare system is not taken advantage of.'
16.10.2014Statistics on migrants and benefits
This note collates the main data available on UK benefits paid to migrants or in respect of children living abroad.
14.10.2014Organisational reforms to the immigration system since 2006
The UK Border Agency has been replaced by the Home Office directorates 'UK Visas and Immigration', 'Immigration Enforcement' and 'Border Force'. In July 2014 the National Audit Office found that there has been mixed progress in addressing the concerns that had led to the abolition of the UKBA, and concluded that it is too early to detect an impact of organisational improvement on customers and stakeholders. Her Majesty's Passport Office has also been brought under direct Home Office control, with effect from 1 October 2014.
08.09.2014Ethnicity and religion: Social Indicators page
Ethnicity and religion: Social Indicators page providing summary statistics on the ethnic and religious composition of the population.

Research Papers

DateDescription
03.09.2014Social Indicators
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.
02.07.2014Modern Slavery Bill 2014-15
This Bill modernises and consolidates the offences relating to slavery, and creates an Anti-Slavery Commissioner, and provision for child trafficking advocates.
17.10.2013Immigration Bill
The Immigration Bill would significantly reduce migrants' rights of appeal; restrict access to services including private rented accommodation, bank accounts and NHS services by reference to immigration status; establish new arrangements for investigating sham marriages and examining persons departing the UK; and make various other changes related to immigration controls.
11.09.2013Citizenship (Armed Forces) Bill
This briefing has been prepared for the Second Reading debate on the Citizenship (Armed Forces) Bill on 13 September 2013. The Bill, which was published on 3 September 2013, is sponsored by Jonathan Lord MP, who came third in the 2013-14 ballot for Private Members' Bills.
08.03.2013Crime and Courts Bill [HL]: Committee Stage Report
The Crime and Courts Bill would, amongst other things, establish a new National Crime Agency, change the law on self defence for householders defending themselves from intruders, make changes to community sentences and immigration appeal rights and introduce a new drug driving offence. The Government made a number of substantive amendments in Committee, including on bailiffs, proceeds of crime and extradition.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
20.12.2011The work of the UK Border Agency (April-July 2011).
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
20.10.2011Government response to the Scottish Affairs Select Committee fifth report:
Government response. Scottish Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
19.07.2011Student immigration system in Scotland.
Scottish Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
10.05.2011The work of the UK Border Agency.
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee; Home Office report [Commons]
08.03.2011Draft Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc) Act 2004 (Remedial) Order 2010.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
15.11.2011RESOURCING OF UK BORDER AGENCY
That this House believes that the UK Border Agency is suffering from a damaging cuts programme resulting in chronic under-resourcing; notes with concern staff reports that the Agency ...
11.07.2011UK BORDER AGENCY AND THE DATA PROTECTION ACT 1998
That this House notes that the Order that amended the Data Protection Act 1998 which came into force on 17 December 2002 removed the Act's restrictions on the disclosures of sensitive ...
11.07.2011UK BORDER AGENCY INTERNATIONAL GROUP
That this House regrets that although the Government advocates transparency, officials in the UK Border Agency International Group are refusing to place in the Library telephone/fax ...
06.07.2011IMMIGRATION AT STANSTED AIRPORT
That this House notes that immigration and special branch officers are deeply concerned about potential abuse of the Common Travel Area Channel at Stansted Airport, where travellers ...
04.07.2011TRANSITIONAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR EU MIGRANT WORKERS
That this House notes recent figures showing that nearly 90 per cent. of the 400,000 jobs created since May 2010 have been taken by foreign workers; further notes that the transitional ...

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
06.02.2014Immigration Bill (HL Bill 84 of 2013-14)
This Library Note provides information on the Immigration Bill, which is due for second reading in the House of Lords on 10 February 2014.
23.01.2012Question for Short Debate on 2 February: Human Trafficking
This Lords Library Note provides definitions of human trafficking, statistics on its incidence, and an outline of domestic and international policy to combat the problem.
17.01.2008Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill (HL Bill 16, 2007-08). LLN 2008/001
Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill. House of Lords Library Note 2008/001

Glossary

  • Research Papers (RP) - briefings produced by the House of Commons Library on Bills, topical issues and regular statistics
  • Standard Notes (SN) - shorter, topical briefings from the Commons Library
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POST Notes - short briefing notes produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - papers compiled by the House of Lords Library on Bills and for debates in the Lords
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses