Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 1-20 out of 4452

  • Inflation: International: Economic indicators page Published 02 March 2012 | Standard notes SN02794 The flash estimate of eurozone inflation in February 2012 was 2.7%, up from 2.6% in January. In the year to January, UK inflation 3.6%, down sharply from 4.2% in December and 4.8% in November. This is the sixth-highest rate in the EU. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation, World economy
  • Independent Living Fund Published 02 March 2012 | Standard notes SN05633 A short guide to applying to the Independent Living Fund and includes information on eligibility criteria. It also provides details of changes to the criteria which came into effect in May 2010. Topic: Community care
  • Financial Indicators: Economic Indicators page Published 02 March 2012 | Standard notes SN05207 Data on the FTSE-100 stock index, the price of oil and the price of gold. Topic: Economic situation
  • Public Attitudes Towards the House of Lords and House of Lords Reform Published 02 March 2012 | Library notes LLN 2012/006 This Library Note provides information on public attitudes towards the House of Lords, and reform of the House, using the findings of various opinion polls. Topic: House of Lords
  • Mandatory conditions for alcohol sale Published 02 March 2012 | Standard notes SN05351 This note looks at the background to the mandatory conditions for the sale of alcohol that were introduced from April 2010. Topic: Licensing
  • Parliamentary involvement in public appointments Published 02 March 2012 | Standard notes SN04387 This note sets out the background to pre-appointment hearings; considers the operation of the hearings to date; and outlines the findings of research commissioned by the Cabinet Office and the Liaison Committee on the impact of the pilot. It also briefly reviews the Liaison Committee’s proposals for reforming pre-appointment hearings in the light of that research. Topic: Central government, House of Commons, Non-departmental public bodies, Parliament, Public administration
  • NHS Pension Scheme Published 02 March 2012 | Standard notes SN03281 This note looks at the development of the NHS Pension Scheme and proposals for reform Topic: Health services, Health staff and professions, Pensions
  • Constituency boundaries: the Sixth General Review Published 02 March 2012 | Standard notes SN05929 This note gives details of the Sixth General Review of Parliamentary constituencies Topic: Elections
  • Constituency boundaries: the Sixth General Review in Scotland Published 02 March 2012 | Standard notes SN06227 This Note gives details of the 2013 review in Scotland, its progress and the consultation process. It should be read in conjunction with Library Standard Note 6098, Initial proposals for new constituency boundaries: Scotland which looks at the extent to which the proposed constituencies can be identified with existing seats and which existing constituencies will be most affected by the proposals. Topic: Elections
  • A minimum price for alcohol? Published 02 March 2012 | Standard notes SN05021 In public debate the term “minimum pricing” has been used generically to refer to two different policies. The first is to set a minimum price per unit of alcohol. The second is to ban the sale of alcohol below cost price. Topic: Alcoholism, Competition, Licensing
  • Exchange rates: Economic Indicators page Published 02 March 2012 | Standard notes SN02811 The Sterling Exchange Rate Index (SERI) fell by 0.1% in February, following a 0.3% rise in January. In February, the pound was three cents stronger against the dollar and one cent weaker against the euro, when compared with January. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation, World economy
  • Petrol and diesel prices Published 01 March 2012 | Standard notes SN04712 Road fuel prices have increased steadily since their recent lows in early 2009. Petrol prices reached a record monthly high in May 2010, exceeded this in December 2010 and set new records in January, February and March, April and May 2011. These records have been approached, but not broken in recent weeks. Diesel prices exceeded their summer 2008 highs in late January 2011 and also set new highs in each month to May 2011. The February 2012 diesel price was another new record. Topic: Energy, Oil, petrol and natural gas, Roads
  • Agriculture - CAP Reforms Published 01 March 2012 | Standard notes SN03680 This note describes the European Commission proposals to amend the Common Agricultural Policy and comments upon it from interested parties. Topic: Agriculture, Common Agricultural Policy
  • Household Debt: Economic Indicators page Published 01 March 2012 | Standard notes SN02885 Net lending to individuals grew by £1.8 billion in January 2012. Topic: Economic situation, Financial services
  • Roads: Workplace Parking Levy (WPL) Published 01 March 2012 | Standard notes SN00628 This note describes the Workplace Parking Levy (WPL), a policy introduced by the Labour Government that enables local authorities to charge businesses for every employee who parks in the area. It outlines the policy of successive governments and provides information on the only scheme currently in place, in Nottingham. Topic: Roads
  • "Common law marriage" and cohabitation Published 01 March 2012 | Standard notes SN03372 Generally, although cohabitants do have some legal protection in several areas, they do not have as many rights and responsibilities as married couples, and there is no specific legal status for what is often referred to as a “common law marriage”. Studies have shown that many cohabiting couples are unaware of this fact. The Ministry of Justice has funded two voluntary sector partners to manage a campaign to make cohabitants more aware of their legal status and provide them with practical advice on how they can protect themselves and their families, should they wish to do so. Topic: Cohabitation, Family law
  • Manufacturing: Economic Indicators page Published 01 March 2012 | Standard notes SN05206 The Markit/CIPS UK Manufacturing PMI fell to 51.2 in February 2012 from 52.0 in January 2012 (where 50.0 is no change). The PMI was below the 50.0 mark throughout Q4 2011. Topic: Economic situation, Manufacturing industries
  • Housing Market: Economic Indicators page Published 01 March 2012 | Standard notes SN02820 In January 2012 there were 58,728 mortgage approvals. House prices on the Nationwide index rose by 0.6% in February. Prices were 0.9% higher in February compared with a year ago. There were 25,240 house building starts in England in Q4 2011, up 6% from 23,880 in Q3 2011. Topic: Economic situation, Housing
  • Feed-in Tariffs Published 29 February 2012 | Standard notes SN06200 Feed-in Tariffs are available as an incentive for small-scale renewables. Generators are paid a tariff for the lifetime of the scheme. Topic: Climate change, Energy, Renewable energy
  • India: A chronology of events since January 2011 Published 29 February 2012 | Standard notes SN06243 This note provides a chronological guide to events in India since January 2011. It should not be considered comprehensive or definitive. Topic: Asia, International politics and government

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